Unseen Passage for Class 10

Unseen passage for class 10 is the most important part to score higher marks in your exam. .Reading the unseen passage for class 10 in English will help you to write better answers in your exam and improve your reading skill.

Students who are planning to score higher marks in class 10 should practice the unseen passage for class 10 before attending the CBSE board exam. Unseen Passage for Class 10 carries 20 marks in your English exam.

It is compulsory to solve the unseen passage for class 10 because you need to score higher marks in your exam.

To improve your skills, we have provided you with the English unseen passage for class 10. We have 15 unseen passage for class 10 given below.

While Solving the passage, you will see some factual passage for class 10 is also present in them. It is provided to make yourself an expert by solving them and score good marks in your exam. You can also practice unseen passage for class 10 in Hindi

Remember don’t start with writing the answer when you did not see unseen passage for class 10.

Important Tips to score good marks in the unseen passage for class 10

1-Read the complete passage carefully .Your reading should be quick.

2- Focus your mind on related detail and highlight them.

3-Read the question carefully and return to passage to write the answer.

4- logical sequence should be present while writing the answer.

5-Do not try to copy the sentence from the passage .write your answer with your own word.

6-while answering the vocabulary-based question like synonyms Replace that word with another word that has the same meaning as that word asked in the question.

7-To Choose the correct option in MCQs.Read the passage until you don’t get the correct answer.

Unseen Passage for Class 10 MCQ with answers is great for preparing for CBSE board examinations. CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus is much bigger and requires concentrated efforts on the part of the student to face the examinations and pop out a success. Unseen Passage for Class 10 MCQ with answers pdf consists of details from the subjects. Each explanation is provided with all the assumptions and good judgment used to determine the conclusion. This will allow the students to study and understand each concept even though they are preparing for the first time.

Unseen passage for class 10 with answers pdf

1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 Once a man saw three masons along with some labourers constructing a temple. He observed the masons for three days and found that though the three of them were doing the same kind of work, there was a marked difference in their approach to their job.

2 He saw that the first mason reported for his work late, did his work halfheartedly and sluggishly, enjoyed a longer respite, frequently checked the time on his wristwatch and left the work before time.

3 The second mason was very punctual in arriving and leaving, and did his work methodically. The third mason, however, would come before time, take little rest in the interval and often worked overtime.

4 The man naturally got curious and wanted to know the three masons’ outlook on their work. He asked them what they were doing. The first mason tapped his big belly with his hand and said, ‘‘I am earning food for myself.’’ The second said, ‘‘I am constructing a building.’’ The third mason looked at the huge building and said, ‘‘I am building the house of God.’’

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the following questions :

(a) What were the three masons doing ?
(b) For how long did ‘a man’ observe them ?
(c) What made the man curious ?
(d) How did the first mason do his job ?
(e) What was the second mason’s approach towards his job ?
(f) How did the third mason view his job ?
(g) With whom among these can you associate the phrase ‘work is worship’ ?
(h) Which word in the passage means ‘working lazily’ ? (para 2)
(i) Which word in the passage means the opposite of ‘carelessly’ ? (para 3)

Suggested answer for above questions:

Answers

(a) constructing a temple
(b) three days
(c) the different approach of the three masons towards their job
(d) reported late/ did his work half-heartedly and sluggishly/ enjoyed a longer respite/ left the work before time
(e) punctual in arriving and leaving/ did his work methodically
(f) as if he is building the house of God
(g) the third mason
(h) sluggishly
(i) methodically

2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 An epidemic of obesity or being overweight is affecting many countries in the world; more than 300 million people are obese or overweight. Obesity could be for a particular reason. In India, some people tend to be overweight because of their high calorie diet and lack of physical activities. In the United States, obesity is more prevalent in lower income groups. Obesity is now well recognised as a disease in its own right. Though obesity commonly means being overweight, it is defined as an excess amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat and water. ‘Obesity’ specifically refers to an excess amount of body fat.

2 A certain amount of body fat is needed to store energy, keep warm and absorb the shocks. Usually men with more than 25% body fat and women with more than 35% body fat are regarded as obese. Obesity tends to run in families suggesting a genetic cause. Environmental factors include lifestyle behaviour such as what a person eats and his or her level of physical activity. So, one should choose more nutritious food which is low in fat, and become more active.

3 Then, there are psychological factors. Negative emotions such as boredom, sadness and anger are the main culprits. Then there is also ‘binge eating’ i.e. when people eat large amounts of food thinking that it is beyond their control how much they eat. Those with the most severe binge eating problem are also likely to have more symptoms of depression and low self-esteem.

4 Obesity is a health hazard giving rise to many serious medical conditions like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke. Obesity is also linked to a higher rate of certain types of cancer. There are many ways of losing weight but exercise is the best as it is free from any type of harmful side effects.

2.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :


(a) What are the main reasons for obesity in India ?
(b) Why do we need body fat ?
(c) What are the symptoms of people with ‘binge eating problem’ ?
(d) Which are the most common negative emotions which lead to overeating ?
(e) Write any four medical problems that can arise due to obesity.

2.2 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any four of the following with the help of the given options :

(a) Women having _ body fat are regarded as obese.
(i) more than 35%
(ii) more than 25%
(iii) less than 30%
(iv) less than 25%

(b) Obesity can be defined as a/an _ amount of body weight.
(i) less
(ii) excess
(iii) optimum
(iv) balanced

(c) In the United States obesity is more prevalent among __ people.
(i) high income
(ii) homeless
(iii) low income
(iv) affluent

(d) Environmental factor refers to __ behaviour.
(i) indecent
(ii) decent
(iii) lifestyle
(iv) loud

(e) Binge eating is when people eat __ of food.
(i) a meagre amount
(ii) a small portion
(iii) extra organic type
(iv) a large portion

Suggested answer for above questions:

2.1 Answers: (Any Four)
(a) high calorie diet, lack of physical activity/exercise.
(b) to store energy, keep warm, absorb the shocks
(c) depression, low self-esteem
(d) boredom, sadness, anger
(e) type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, cancer (Any four)

2.2 One mark each (Any Four)
(a) (i) more than 35%
(b) (ii) excess
(c) (iii) low income
(d) (iii) lifestyle
(e) (iv) a large portion

3. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 Cataract is the major cause of blindness, which is also caused by a damage to the cornea. It occurs more often in old age. As one starts growing old, the lens of the eye hardens, loses it transparency and becomes opaque. It obstructs the light rays from entering the eye.

2 The onset of cataract blurs the vision. Sometimes, the cataract patient sees multiple images instead of a single object image. Because of the gradual development of cataract, the afflicted person loses his/her vision and the world becomes dark to him/her.

3 The development of cataract is a complex process. However, the following factors can be attributed to its formation. Cataract generally develops in old age but sometimes, children are born with cataract because of hereditary defect. Eye injuries too, can cause cataract.

4 People exposed to sunrays for longer periods develop cataract earlier than others. Researchers opine that the smoke inhaled while smoking, carries substances internally damaging the eyes.

5 Ultraviolet radiation, invisible to the human eye, is linked to skin cancer. The victim loses vision and the world becomes dark to him.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the following questions :

(a) What is the major cause of blindness ?
(b) When does cataract generally occur ?
(c) Why does the lens of the eye become opaque in old age ?
(d) How does one detect cataract in early stages ?
(e) Give any two factors which are responsible for the formation of cataract.
(f) How does cataract affect its victim ultimately ?
(g) Which type of cancer is caused by ultraviolet radiation ?
(h) How is smoking responsible for the development of cataract ?
(i) Find the word from para 1 that means ‘that through which light cannot enter’.

Suggested answer for above questions:

Answers
(a) cataract
(b) old age
(c) lens of the eye hardens and loses its transparency.
(d) vision becomes blurred / sees multiple images in place of one.(any one)
(e) eye injury / long exposure of sun rays / hereditary factors (any two)
(f) may lead to complete loss of vision
(g) skin cancer
(h) smoke when inhaled carries a substance that damages eye and causes internal harm to the eye.
(i) opaque

4. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 Spread over an area of 11,570 acres, Kalesar Reserve Forest is the only one of its kind in Haryana. It is home to a wide range of wild flora and fauna including three elephants, a male tiger, 16 male and female leopards, 19 panthers and some other animals as well.

2 Spread on both sides of Yamunanagar – Paonta Sahib Road in Yamunanagar district, it was designated a national park through a government notification in December 2003. However, it is alleged, lack of sufficient funds is proving to be a hindrance in wildlife conservation in the national park. The Divisional Forest Officer revealed that it is the only forest in Haryana with a natural ‘sal’ tree belt.

3 As for the steps taken to ensure protection of wildlife and environment, it was disclosed that staff had been given weapons by the State Government to tackle the menace posed by poachers. The State had also set up two special environmental courts, one each at Kurukshetra and Faridabad, to deal with crimes related to poaching and illicit felling of trees from the area. Eight watering holes have been dug up across the forest area to ensure that wildlife does not stray into human habitats on its fringes in search of drinking water. Similarly, earthen dams have been constructed to conserve rainwater for the future use of wildlife.

4 It was disclosed that work to fence the area would be undertaken in the near future and more steps taken to ensure that wild fauna does not face drinking water problem in their natural habitat in the reserve forest.

2.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :

(a) What is unique about Kalesar Reserve Forest ?
(b) Which animals are found in Kalesar forest ?
(c) What is proving to be a hindrance to conserving wildlife in the national park ?
(d) What is done in the park for the conservation of water ?
(e) Why have two special environmental courts been set up ?

2.2 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any four of the following with the help of the given options:

(a) Kalesar Reserve Forest was designated a national park through a government notification in __ .
(i) February, 2003
(ii) December, 2003
(iii) March, 2004
(iv) August, 2001

(b) __ watering holes have been dug up across the forest area to stop wildlife from going astray in search of water.
(i) Four
(ii) Seven
(iii) Eight
(iv) Ten

(c) Which word in the passage means ‘natural environment in which a particular species live’ ?
(i) Habitat
(ii) Flora
(iii) Fauna
(iv) Waterhole

(d) Which word in para 3 is a synonym of ‘danger/risk’ ?
(i) Disclosed
(ii) Fringes
(iii) Poaching
(iv) Menace

(e) The word ‘illicit’ means
(i) not approved by society
(ii) not allowed by rules
(iii) obtained dishonestly or unfairly
(iv) not allowed by law

Suggested answer for above questions:

2.1 Answers: (Any Four)

(a) wide range of animals, flora and fauna
(b) elephants, panthers, tigers, leopards
(c) lack of sufficient funds / poaching of animals / illicit felling of trees (any one)
(d) 8 watering holes dug up across forest, earthen dams constructed.
(e) to deal with crimes related to poaching and illicit felling of trees

2.2 One mark each (Any Four)
(a) (ii) December 2003
(b (iii) ) Eight
(c) (i) Habitat
(d) (iv) Menace
(e) (ii) not allowed by rules / (iv) not allowed by law (both are correct)

5. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 Choice of profession and career is of great importance. Success depends on the right and timely choice of a career. There are a great variety of careers and professions. The lack of proper counselling worsens the situation. It also results in unemployment and frustration which means a lot of waste of money, time and energy. The students should take the help of elders, teachers, and professionals in deciding their careers. They should choose their career according to their aptitude and resources.

2 Young people are ambitious, impatient and eager to achieve good positions. They want to become high officials, executives and have top positions without considering their qualifications, skills etc. This is a wrong attitude. One should be realistic. One may dream of becoming a super film star and end up as a mere casual artist. Such high ambitions lead to disillusionment and unhappiness.

3 It is better to choose a career at the high school level than go for higher studies aimlessly. One should go for a vocational course at this stage. There are many careers, professions and vocations to choose from. There are teaching, engineering, medicine, law, technology, business, trade, computer application career, government employment, positions in the police and army etc. But each of these requires special aptitude, training, and resources. One may have proper qualifications and aptitude for a career of a doctor or engineer. But if there are no financial resources to train for it, one cannot choose it as one’s career.

4 Choice of a career is not simply a matter of likes and dislikes. Financial resources play a very important role in deciding to choose a profession. For lack of funds, one will have to choose a far humbler career. One can take to politics if one has an aptitude for public life. It is a profession of hard labour and perseverance. If you have strong optimism, ambition for fame and are prepared to face the worst, you are best suited for politics. If you have enough money and resources and want to grow very rich, you can choose business as your career. Therefore, be practical, logical and reasonable in choosing your profession. This is a crucial choice.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :

(a) State the factors that can help young people decide their career.
(b) What leads to disillusionment and unhappiness among young people ?
(c) What is the right time to make a career choice ? Why ?
(d) Why are financial resources important while choosing a career ?
(e) What are the qualities needed to become a politician ?

1.2 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, fill in any two of the following blanks with appropriate words/phrases :

(a) One’s success in life depends on .
(b) Lack of proper counselling leads to
.
(c) _ play an important role in one’s choice of profession.

1.3 Find out words/phrases from the passage that mean the same as the following. Attempt any two.

(a) guidance (para 1)
(b) aspire (para 2)
(c) funds (para 3)

Suggested answer for above questions:

Answers:
1.1 Correct answer:

a) students can take help of elders, teachers and professionals in deciding their careers. They should choose their careers according to their aptitude and resources.
b) wrong, unrealistic attitude, high ambitions
c) high school level else left groping aimlessly
d) for lack of funds, one will have to choose a far humbler career
e) strong optimism, ambition for fame, prepared to face the worst, has perseverance and to be ready for hard labour (any two)

1.2 Fill in the blanks
Answers:

a) right and timely choice of a career
b) unemployment and frustration
c) elders, professionals and teachers

1.3 Vocabulary
Answers:

a) counselling
b) dream / ambition
c) financial resources

6. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1 The time Uncle Ken and I went for a walk and he insisted on going the zigzag way, I did the same. It was fun. But like all things to do with Uncle Ken, it landed us in a situation where we had to make a hasty exit. While we were being chased away by an irate man from his fields and were dashing away, Uncle Ken’s hat flew off. Later, when we had stopped panting, I remembered what Granny had said about looking at the funny side of situations and had a good laugh. Unfortunately, I don’t think Uncle Ken saw the lighter side at that moment.

2 It helps to have such an outlook on finding oneself in the oddest of circumstances. Like the time I was in Mumbai and my belt decided to have some fun by getting entangled with a fellow passenger’s luggage. After that, I sat quietly at the book festival I had been taken to attend, to keep my belt out of trouble. And it’s not just belts that get me into trouble. There was the time I was sharing a taxi to Delhi with a gentleman with a fierce moustache. He was carrying a book written by me with him. When I told him it was my book, he looked offended that I was trying to lay a claim to his property. I gave up on the conversation quickly and filed it away for future use in a story.

3 I have even been accused by some of my younger audience for being too funny. Once a girl asked me disapprovingly why my ghost stories are not scary enough. ‘‘Your ghosts are too funny,’’ she grumbled. So, I tried to write a few scary ghost stories. But I find benign, friendly ghosts just as delightful. So, I also wrote about my friend Jimmy, who discovered he was a jinn. That meant he could elongate his arms at will. This ensured that he had a starring role to play in the school basketball team. Mostly, I feel I have been able to live this life enjoying its small moments of happiness and been able to laugh when needed.

2.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the following questions :

(a) While on a walk, what did Uncle Ken insist on ?
(b) What happened when Uncle Ken was chased away from the field of an irate man ?
(c) How did Uncle Ken react to his hat flying off ?
(d) What was the oddest situation that the narrator had faced in Mumbai ?
(e) ‘I was trying to lay claim to his property.’ What is the ‘property’ referred to in this sentence ?
(f) What did the girl accuse the narrator of ?
(g) Why did Jimmy have a starring role to play in the school basketball team ?
(h) What kind of life did the narrator have ?
(i) Which word in paragraph 3 means the same as ‘harmless’ ?

Suggested answer for above questions:

Answers:
a) insisted on going zigzag way
b) he dashed out of the field, was panting and his hat flew off
c) he did not see the lighter / funny side of the incident
d) his belt got entangled with fellow passenger’s luggage
e) the book that the gentleman was reading was written by the narrator himself
f) that his ghosts were funny and not scary
g) because he could elongate his arms at will
h) lived his life to the fullest, enjoying its small moments of happiness
i) benign

7. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1.Thornfield Hall was a large gentleman‟s house in the country near a town called Millcote. There after my sixteen-hour journey, I was welcomed by Mrs. Fairfax. She was a little old lady dressed in black who seemed glad to have someone else to talk to, apart from the servants. Although the house was dark and frightening with its big rooms full of heavy furniture, I was excited at being in a new place and looked forward to my new life there working for kind Mrs. Fairfax.

2. But I was surprised to discover on my first full day at Thornfield that Mrs. Fairfax was not in fact the owner as I had assumed but the housekeeper and that my new master was a Mr. Rochester who was often away from home. My pupil was a girl called Adèle, seven or eight years old, who was born in France and could hardly speak English. Luckily I had learnt French very well at Lowood and had no difficulty in communicating with young Adèle, a pretty, cheerful child. It appeared that Mr. Rochester, who had known Adèle and her mother very well had brought Adèle back to England to live with him after her mother had died. I taught her for several hours every day in the library, although it was not easy to make her concentrate on anything for long as she was clearly not used to the discipline of lessons.

3. One day I took the opportunity of asking Mrs. Fairfax a few questions about Mr. Rochester, as I was curious about him and the little housekeeper seemed happy to talk. „Is he liked by most people?‟ was my first question. „Oh yes, his family has always been respected here. They‟ve owned the land around here for years,‟ she replied. „But do you like him? What is his character like?‟

4. „I have always liked him, and I think he‟s a fair master to his servants. He‟s a little peculiar, perhaps. He‟s travelled a lot you know. I expect he‟s clever, but I can‟t tell, really.‟ „What do you mean peculiar?‟ I asked, interested. It‟s not easy to describe. You‟re never sure whether he‟s serious or joking. You don‟t really understand him, at least I don‟t. But that doesn‟t matter, he‟s a very good master.‟

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the questions that follow :

(a) Why was Mrs. Fairfax glad to receive the narrator?
(b) Why was the narrator excited?
(c) What wrong assumption was made by her?
(d) Why had she come to Thornfield Hall?
(e) How do we know that Mr. Rochester was a man of noble nature?
(f) Why was it difficult to make Adèle study for long hours?
(g) Why was Mr. Rochester liked by most people?
(h) What was peculiar about the nature of Mr. Rochester?
(i) How does the narrator describe Adèle?

Suggested answer for above questions:

  1. Answers
    a) happy to get someone apart from servants to talk to
    b) new place; new life; Mrs. Fairfax, a kind woman (any two)
    c) had assumed that Mrs. Fairfax was the owner
    d) to teach Adele
    e) had brought Adele to England from France after her mother died
    f) Adele not used to the discipline of lessons
    g) had owned the land here for years / respected by all other tenants and he was the landlord
    h) not sure whether he was serious or joking
    i) seven or eight years old ; young pretty and cheerful

8. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1. People who smoke are being hounded out of all public places – offices, restaurants, educational institutions, buses, trains etc. Away from home now it is becoming nearly impossible to find a place to smoke. Growing restrictions and the fear of various diseases caused by tobacco are prompting many smokers to stop smoking.19 states in the U.S. have made laws against smoking. Taxes on tobacco products are being raised.

2. Smoking is banned at several places. Still the number of smokers is rising in India. More than 25 crore people in India are addicted to tobacco. And according to a WHO report around half of them will die of tobacco related diseases. Unfortunately most people in India still need a strict warning based on a test report before they decide to give up smoking. Patients too seek medical help only after they show serious symptoms of an illness. Some hospitals have set up centres to identify risk factors among the young so that they can take preventive measures like giving up smoking early in life.

3. Tobacco is the second biggest cause of death in the world. It is responsible for the death of five crore people each year all over the world. Half of the people who are addicted to tobacco will ultimately be killed by this addiction. Many people get rid of this habit on their own and those who are willing to, but can‟t, go to de addiction centres. These centres use counselling, nicotine replacement therapy and prescriptive drugs to deal with withdrawal problems. Quitting cold turkey – stopping the use of tobacco at once – works well but only for those who have control and determination to quit.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :

(a) For which two reasons do smokers give up smoking?
(b) Name two steps taken in India against smoking.
(c) Why is the situation unfortunate in India?
(d) How do people get rid of smoking?
(e) What does „cold turkey‟ mean?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following blanks with appropriate words/phrase:

(a) In the U.S. states have passed laws against smoking.
(b) In India one can‟t smoke at a .
(c) Tobacco is the _ biggest killer in the world.

2.3 Choose the meanings of the given words/phrases from the options that follow each word/phrase: (any two)

(a) hounded out
(i) driven out
(ii) given out
(iii) washed
(iv) endangered

(b) restrictions
(i) checks
(ii) imitations
(iii) failures
(iv) defeats

(c) prompting
(i) abusing
(ii) initiating
(iii) empowering
(iv) encouraging

Suggested answer for above questions:

2 2.1
a) restrictions on smoking; fear of disease
b) higher taxes on tobacco products; prohibition at several designated places
c) don’t want to quit willingly- only a bad test report, doctor’s warning makes them give up
d) on their own; go to de addiction centers
e) stopping use of tobacco at once

2.2
a) 19
b) public place
c) second

2.3
a) driven out
b) checks
c) encouraging

9. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 

1. Necessity is indeed the mother of invention. When areas in and around Leh began to experience water shortages, life didn’t grind to a halt. Why? Because Chewang Norphel, a retired civil engineer in the Jammu and Kashmir government came up with the idea of artificial glaciers.

2. Ladakh, a cold desert at an altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres above sea level, has a low average annual rainfall rate of 50mm. Glaciers have always been the only source of water. Agriculture is completely dependent on glacier melt unlike the rest of river/monsoon-fed India. But over the years with increasing effects of climate change, rainfall and snowfall patterns have been changing, resulting in severe shortage and drought situations. Given the severe winter conditions, the window for farming is usually limited to one harvest season

3. It is located between the natural glacier above and the village below. The one closer to the village and lowest in altitude melts first, providing water during April/May, the crucial sowing season. Further layers of ice above melt with increasing temperature thus ensuring continuous supply to the fields. Thus, farmers have been able to manage two crops instead of one. It costs about Rs.1,50,000 and above to create one.

4. Fondly called the ‘glacier man’, Mr. Norphel has designed over 15 artificial glaciers in and around Leh since 1987. In recognition of his pioneering effort, he was conferred the Padma Shri by President Pranab Mukherjee, in 2015.

5. There are few basic steps followed in creating the artificial glacier River or stream water at higher altitude is diverted to a shaded area of the hill, facing north, where the winter sun is blocked by a ridge or a mountain range. At the start of Winter/November, the diverted water is made to flow onto sloping hill face through distribution channels. Stone embankments are built at regular intervals which impede the flow of water, making shallow pools and freeze, forming a cascade of ice along the slope. Ice formation continues for 3-4 months resulting in a large accumulation of ice which is referred to as an ‘artificial glacier’.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the questions that follow :

a) Who was Chewang Norphel?
b) What kind of land form is Ladakh?
c) Why have Glaciers been the only source of water for Ladakh?
d) Why has the pattern of snowfall and rainfall changed?
e) How are Glaciers significant for irrigation?
f) How do farmers manage to grow two crops instead of one?
g) In which year did President Pranab Mukherjee confer Padmashri to Mr. Norphel?
h) How many months does the ice formation continue for?
i) Find the word in the paragraph 5 which means the same as ‘gathering’?

Suggested answer for above questions:

1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight

a) a retired civil engineer
b) Cold Desert
c) Ladakh is a cold desert at 3000-3500 meters ,annual rainfall rate of 50mm
d) Climate change
e) Glaciers provide water in the months of April/May which crucial for irrigation
f) Glaciers and their layers close to the village melt and provide water
g) 2015
h) 3-4months
i) accumulation

10. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:  

1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again was the last thing you wanted to do?

2. If your answer is yes, then you are ‘not a robot’. Unlike robots, we human beings have feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is great when life is going our way. But what happens when it’s not? What happens when you fail despite all of your hard work ? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going then you have what experts call, grit. 3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked why

he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side.

4.Grit can be learned to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgement. This practice has been used to quiet the noise of their fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, individuals have the ability to stop the self-sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, despair, and frustration.

5. What did you do to overcome the negative and self-sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :

a. According to the passage, what are the attributes of a human?
b. What is perceived as grit?
c. How is „failing‟ an educational and empowering part of human life?
d. In what ways can grit be developed?
e. How does mindfulness help?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any four of the following blanks with appropriate words / phrases.

a) While inventing the light bulb, Thomas Edison had failed____________________
i. 1000 times
ii. 10000 plus times
iii. 1000 plus times
iv. 10000 times

b) Failure is a part of __________________life.
i. normal
ii. common
iii. human
iv. ordinary

c) In Paragraph 2,_____________________means continue.
i. robots
ii. keep going
iii. agonizing
iv. failing

d) In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is____________________
i. embarrassing
ii. scariest
iii. agonizing
iv. failing

e) ______________helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair.
i. success
ii. fear
iii. doubt
iv. mindfulness

Suggested answer for above questions:

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four

a) feelings, emotions, and dreams; meant to grow ;flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is great when life is going our way-(attributes)
b) If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going then you have what experts call grit.
c) Failing teaches how to be perseverance and keep going for ones goals. Each failure makes one understand what to do and what not to do.
d) Grit can be developed by not accepting defeat / effort to overcome limitations / not to stay down.
e) Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgement.

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any four

a) 1000 plus
b) human
c) keep going
d) agonising
e) mindfulness

11. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 

1. Cricket is a global passion, everywhere from Test match arenas to village greens, tropical beaches and dusty back lots. Cricket is the world‟s second popular spectator sport after football. 2. The Origin of cricket is somewhere in the Dark Ages. All research concedes that the game derived from a very old, widespread and uncomplicated pastime by which one player served up an object, be it a small piece of wood or a ball, and another hit it with a suitably fashioned club. Cricket was first recorded in 16th Century England, and it was played in grammar schools, farm communities and everywhere in between. But things really took off when 18th Century nobles realised it was a great sport.

3. The Oldest surviving set of cricket laws date from 1744 – printed on a handkerchief, naturally. It‟s now in the MCC Museum at Lord‟s in London. The oldest permanent fixture is the annual Eton v Harrow match, played since 1805. A young Lord Byron turned out for Harrow in the first match, though history doesn‟t record how poetic -or „mad, bad and dangerous‟ – his bowling was. 

4. The First international match was in 1877 when Australia beat England in Melbourne. The match was dubbed a „Test‟, since the gruelling nature of playing over five days was deemed the ultimate „Test‟ for any side. But it was Australia‟s first win on English soil in 1882 at the Oval in London – that led to matches between the two nations being christened the Ashes. Following the defeat, newspapers published an obituary mourning „The death of English Cricket‟, adding that „The body will cremated and the ashes taken to Australia‟.

5. A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50. The Cricket World Cup is played in this format. The international One Day game is a late twentieth century development. The First ODI was played on 5 January 1971 between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer any eight of the questions that follow :

a. According to the passage, how did the game of Cricket originate?
b. Where can we find the oldest sets of Cricket laws?
c. Which match did Lord Byron play?
d. When was the first international match played?
e. Which countries played that first international match?
f. Why the matches between Australia and England were titled „The Ashes‟?
g. In which format is the Cricket world cup played?
h. When did the ODIs begin?
i. Which word in paragraph no.5 means the same as „exhausting‟?

Suggested answer for above questions:

1.a Old, widespread and uncomplicated pastime by which one player served up an object, be it a small piece of word or a ball and another hit with a suitably fashioned club.
b. 1744 – printed on a handkerchief, naturally. It’s now in the MCC Museum at Lord’s in London
c. Eton vs Harrow
d. 1877
e. England and Australia
f. Australia’s first win on English soil in 1882 at the oval in London led to matches between the two nations being christened the Ashes.
g. ODI / limited over cricket / 50 over match
h. 1971, 50
i. gruelling

12. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again was the last thing you wanted to do?

2. If your answer is yes, then you are ‘not a robot’. Unlike robots, we human beings have feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow and stretch despite our circumstances and our limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is great when life is going our way. But what happens when it’s not? What happens when you fail despite all of your hard work? Do you stay down and accept the defeat or do you get up again and again until you are satisfied? If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going then you have what experts call, grit.

3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonizing, embarrassing, and scariest human experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven qualities that have been described as the keys to personal success and betterment in society? The other six are: curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. Thomas Edison is a model for grit for trying 1,000 plus times to invent the light bulb. If you are reading this with the lights on in your room, you know well he succeeded. When asked why he kept going despite his hundreds of failures, he merely stated that what he had been not failures. They were hundreds of ways not to create a light bulb. This statement not only revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side

4. Grit can be learned to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgement. This practice has been used to quiet the noise of their fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, individuals have the ability to stop the self-sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, despair, and frustration. 5. What did you do to overcome the negative and self-sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each :

a. According to the passage, what are the attributes of a human?
b. What is perceived as grit?
c. How is „failing‟ an educational and empowering part of human life?
d. In what ways can grit be developed?
e. How does mindfulness help?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any four of the following blanks with appropriate words / phrases.

a) While inventing the light bulb, Thomas Edison had failed____________________
i. 1000 times
ii. 10000 plus times
iii. 1000 plus times
iv. 10000 times

b) Failure is a part of __________________life.
i. normal
ii. common
iii. human
iv. ordinary

c) In Paragraph 2,_____________________means continue.
i. robots
ii. keep going
iii. agonizing
iv. failing

d) In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is____________________
i. embarrassing
ii. scariest
iii. agonizing
iv. failing

e) ______________helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair.
i. success
ii. fear
iii. doubt
iv. mindfulness

Suggested answer for above questions:

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four

a) feelings, emotions, and dreams; meant to grow / flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true is great when life is going our way (attributes)
b) If you have a tendency to persevere and keep going then you have what experts call grit
c) Failing teaches how to be perseverance and keep going for ones goals. Each failure makes one understand what to do and what not to do.
d) It can be developed by not accepting defeat / effort to overcome limitations; not to stay down.
e) Mindfulness is a practice that helps the individual stay in the moment by bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgement. This practice is a technique that many have used to quiet the noise of their fears and doubts

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any four
a) 1000 plus
b) humans
c) keep going
d) agonising
e) mindfulness

13. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

(1) Caged behind thick glass, the most famous dancer in the world can easily be missed in the National Museum, Delhi. The Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro is that rare artefact that even school children are familiar with. Our school textbooks also communicate the wealth of our 5000 year heritage of art. You have to be alert to her existence there, amid terracotta animals to rediscover this bronze image. 

(2) Most of us have seen her only in photographs or sketches therefore the impact of actually holding her is magnified a million times over. One discovers that the dancing girl has no feet. She is small, a little over 10 cm tall – the length of a human palm – but she surprises us with the power of great art – the ability to communicate across centuries.

(3) A series of bangles – of shell or ivory or thin metal – clothe her left upper arm all the way down to her fingers. A necklace with three pendants bunched together and a few bangles above the elbow and wrist on the right hand display an almost modern art.

(4) She speaks of the undaunted ever hopeful human spirit. She reminds us that it is important to visit museums in our country to experience the impact that a work of art leaves on our senses, to find among all the riches one particular vision of beauty that speaks to us alone.

1.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage answer the following questions.

(a) The dancing girl belongs to
(i) Mohenjo-Daro
(ii) Greek culture
(iii) Homosapiens
(iv) Tibet

(b) In the museum she’s kept among
(i) dancing figures
(ii) bronze statues
(iii) terracotta animals
(iv) books

(c) Which information is not given in the passage ?
(i) The girl is caged behind glass.
(ii) She is a rare artefact.
(iii) School books communicate the wealth of our heritage.
(iv) She cannot be rediscovered as she’s bronze.

(d) ‘Great Art’ has power because :
(i) it appeals to us despite a passage of time.
(ii) it is small and can be understood.
(iii) it’s seen in pictures and sketches.
(iv) it’s magnified a million times.

(e) The jewellery she wears :
(i) consists of bangles of shell, ivory or thin metal.
(ii) is a necklace with two pendants.
(iii) both (i) and (ii) are correct.
(iv) neither (i) nor (ii) is correct.

(f) She reminds us
(i) of the never say-die attitude of humans.
(ii) why museums in our country are exciting.
(iii) why she will make us come into money.
(iv) of dancing figures.

(g) The synonym of the word “among” in para 1 is __.
(h) The size of the dancing girl is equal to the length of human palm. (True/False)

Suggested answer for above questions:

1.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions.

(a) The Dancing Girl belongs to
Ans. (i) Mohenjo-daro.

(b) In the museum she’s kept among
Ans (iii) terracotta animals.

(c) Which information is not given in the passage?
Ans (iv) She cannot be rediscovered as she’s bronze.

(d) ‘Great Art’ has power because
Ans (i) it appeals to us despite a passage of time

(e) The jewellery she wears
Ans (iv) Neither
(i) nor
(ii) is correct.

(f) She reminds us
Ans (ii) why museums in our country are exciting.

(g) The synonym of the word ‘‘among’’ in paragraph 1 is __
Ans amid.

(h) The size of the dancing girl is equal to the length of the human palm. (True/False)
Ans True

14. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

(1) As the family finally sets off from home after many arguments there is a moment of lull as the car takes off. “Alright, so where are we going for dinner now?” asks the one at the driving wheel. What follows is a chaos as multiple voices make as many suggestions.

(2) By the time order is restored and a decision is arrived at, tempers have risen, feelings injured and there is at least one person grumbling. (3) Twenty years ago, you would step out of home, decision of meal and venue already made with no arguments or opposition and everybody looked forward to the meal with equal enthusiasm. The decision was made by the head of the family and the others fell in line. Today every member of the family has a say in every decision which also promotes a sense of togetherness and bonding.

(4) We empower our kids to take their own decisions from a very early age. We ask them the cuisine they prefer, the movie they want to see, the holiday they wish to go on and the subjects they wish to study.

(5) It’s a closely connected world out there where children consult and guide each other. A parent’s well meaning advice can sound like nothing more than unnecessary preaching. How then do we reach our children through all the conflicting views and make the voice of reason be heard ? Children today question choices and prefer to go with the flow.

(6) What then is the best path to take? I would say the most important thing one can do is to listen. Listen to your children and their silences. Ensure that you keep some time aside for them, insist that they share their stories with you. Step into their world. It is not as complicated as it sounds; just a daily half an hour of the quality time would do the trick.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions in 30-40 words each.

(a) Write one advantage and one disadvantage of allowing every family member to be part of the decision making process.
(b) In today’s world, what are parents asking their kids ?
(c) Which two pieces of advice does the writer give to the parents ?
(d) The passage supports the parents. How far do you agree with the author’s views ? Support your view with a reason.

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following:

(a) The synonym of ‘hurt’ as given in paragraph 2 is __.

(b) The word which means the same as ‘a style or method of cooking’ in paragraph 4 is :
(i) Cuisine
(ii) Gourmet
(iii) Gastric
(iv) Science

(c) The antonym of ‘agreeable’ as given in paragraph 5 is _.

(d) The antonym of ‘simple’ as given in paragraph 6 is
(i) difficult
(ii) complicated
(iii) easy
(iv) tricky

Suggested answer for above questions:

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions in 30 – 40 words each:

(a) Write one advantage and one disadvantage of allowing every family member to be a part of the decision-making process.
Ans.
Advantage: every member of the family has a say in every decision / voice their opinion / promotes a sense of togetherness and bonding. (any one) Disadvantage: there is chaos / feelings injured / grumbling members / tempers rise (any one).

(b) In today’s world, what are parents asking their kids?
Ans.
to take decisions at a very early age / the cuisine they prefer / the movie that they want to see / the holiday they wish to go on / the subjects they wish to study (any two).

(c) Which two pieces of advice does the writer give to the parents?
Ans.
listen to children and their silences / ensure that you keep some time aside for them / insist that they share their stories with you /step into their world / spend at least half an hour of quality time with children (any two).

(d) The passage supports the parents. How far do you agree with the author’s views? Support your view with a reason.
Ans.
Agree with the author’s view. – parent’s well -meaning advice / empowering their kids to take their own decision (any other relevant point to be accepted)
Disagree with the author’s views – children question choices and prefer to go with the flow/children consult and guide each other (any other relevant point to be accepted)

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following: Marking: – One mark each No penalty for spelling, punctuation or grammatical mistakes

(a) The synonym of ‘hurt’ as given in paragraph 2 is __
Ans.
Injured

(b) The word which means the same as ‘a style or method of cooking’ in paragraph 4 is
Ans.
(i) cuisine

(c) The antonym of ‘agreeable’ as given in paragraph 5 is __
Ans.
Conflicting

(d) The antonym of ‘simple’ as given in paragraph 6 is
Ans.
(ii). complicated

15. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

1. Physical health affects the mind and vice-versa. Which of the two is more important is like asking the age-old question: what comes first, the chicken or the egg. For our present subject, let us be clear that a sound mind in a sound body are prerequisites for high efficiency and good quality work in the office, factory or field, which lead to a sense of achievement and fulfilment.

2. Our health is, of course, important not only to us, but also to our families and even to our employers. No wonder then that companies everywhere have a stake in the health and fitness of their employees and are willing to spend considerable money towards this purpose. Japanese companies particularly excel in this and the more successful among them start off the day with a body bending and stretching session and even singing the company song designed to promote loyalty and motivation among the workforce! This is considered an important factor contributing to high productivity and quality. Here is a lesson which has been emulated elsewhere in the world and could work wonders in India. It is estimated that some 20,000 American firms have established in-house health clubs. Typical of these is the soft drink manufacturer Pepsi Cola, which has spent about $2 million in setting up a health club at its head office in New York State. Such expenditure has proved to be a wise investment in achieving better efficiency and higher productivity. It has, indirectly, also helped reduce the premium on the health insurance of its staff. This business has grown so large that hundreds of consultancies have sprung up for the management of health clubs and fitness centres. In some cases, there is a nominal contribution by the employees on the premise they will value and use the facilities all the more. Some insurance companies have teamed up with employees in such ventures as better health contributes to a longer life and hence more premium! Though many firms in India have generous medical schemes, the movement towards health clubs and the like is yet to gain momentum.

1.1 Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.

a) What are the prerequisites for high efficiency and good quality work?
b) How do Japanese companies ensure loyalty and motivation?
c) What do you mean by ‘wise investment’?
d) Why do companies have health clubs?
e) What does it mean by saying that “the idea of having health clubs in companies is yet to gain momentum”?
f) How do successful Japanese companies promote loyalty and motivation among the workforce?
g) How has expenditure on employee’s health proved to be a wise investment?
h) Why have some insurance companies teamed up with employers?
i) Why are the employers willing to spend money towards the fitness of their employees?

Suggested answer for above questions:

1.1 (a) A healthy body and healthy mind are the prerequisites for high efficiency and good quality work.
(b) Japanese companies give a lot of importance to the health fitness of their employees to ensure their employees to ensure their loyalty and motivation.
(c) Spending a lot of money on an idea that turns out to be very successful.
(d) Companies have health clubs to take care of the physical health of the employees.
(e) It means that the idea of having health clubs in companies is not very popular in India.
(f) These companies start off the day with a body bending and stretching session and even singing the company song designed for this purpose.
(g) It has resulted in achieving better efficiency and higher productivity.
(h)They have teamed up with employers as they understand that a better health contributes to a longer life and hence more premium.
(i) The employers willing to spend money towards the fitness of their employees to get good quality work from the employees.

Unseen Passage for Class 10 in English | Latest Unseen passage

Students can find different types of unseen passages for class 10 CBSE board exam preparation. At the end of every passage, we have also provided you with answers to unseen passage for class 10 given above.

So, first, solve the above-unseen passage for class 10 and compare your answer with their original answer in this way you can boost your performance. Now, You can easily obtain higher marks in the unseen passage for class 10.

if you take too much time in solving the unseen passage for class 10 take a clock to focus on how much time you are spending. By doing this, you can easily manage your time to solve the unseen passage for Class 10. You can also visit the unseen passage for class 10 in Hindi.

Don’t take stress, just focus on practicing unseen passage for class 10. You will definitely score high marks in your exam.

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We give unseen passage for class 10 with answers pdf Download, Answers, and Marking Scheme. Here we have provided you with Class 10 English Unseen Passage to make your preparation better. A Student can view or download these Unseen Passage for Class 10 with answers pdf to score good marks in the Class 10 ​board exam.

Unseen Passage for Class 10 English with answers helps students to understand the questions asked in the board exam. We have also other study materials for Class 10 like Sample papers, Previous year Questions Paper, NCERT Solutions, NCERT Books, etc. If you have any problem in regard to Class 10 English Unseen Passge, write a comment in the box given below

Frequently Asked Questions-Unseen Passage for class 10(FAQ)

Q.1: How will I prepare myself to solve the unseen passage for class 10?


Answer: In the Exam, you will be given a small part of any story and you need to answer them to score good marks in your score. So firstly understand what question is being asked. Then, go to the passage and try to find the clue for your question. Read all the alternatives very carefully. Do not write the answer until you feel that you have selected the correct answer.

Q.2: What precaution should we take before writing the answer in the unseen passage for class 10?


Answer: Do not try to write the answer without reading the passage Read all the alternatives very carefully, don’t write the answer until you feel that you have selected the correct answer. Check your all answers to avoid any mistakes.

Q.3: How do we score high marks in unseen passage for class 10?


Answer: Study the question before reading the passage. After that, read the passage and highlight the word which you find related to the question and a line before that word and one after that. With this strategy, you will be able to solve most questions and score higher marks in your exam.

Q.4: What is the difference between seen and unseen passage​ for class 10?


Answer: A Seen passage is a passage that you have already read and know what is in it.While in the unseen passage, you are not familiar with the passage and don’t know what is in it.

Q.5 How do I manage time in unseen passage for class 10?


Answer: Take a clock and set the time in which you should just complete all questions.If you can’t complete the passage in that time.don’t worry, find that part in which you take a long time to solve the question. By doing this, you can easily manage your time to solve the question of passage.