Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Social Science Important Questions
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question. What is the major objective of ‘Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways’ ?
Answer : The major objective of ‘Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways’ is to reduce the time and distance between the mega cities of India.
Question. To whom does Pawanhans Helicopters Ltd. provide services ?
Answer : Pawanhans Helicopters Ltd. provides services to Oil and Natural gas Corporation in its off-shore operations, to inaccessible areas and difficult terrains like the northeastern states, Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
Question. Which factors contribute to India’s socio-economic progress ?
Answer : Railways, waterways, roadways, newspapers, radio, television, cinema and internet have contributed to the socio-economic development of our country.
Question. What is favourable balance of trade ?
Answer : When the value of exports of a country is more than the value of its imports, then it is called as the favourable balance of trade.
Short Answer Type Questions
Question. Why waterways are important ?
Answer : India has been one of the sea facing countries. Its importance can be judged based on the following reasons :
(i) Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
(ii) They are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods.
(iii) It is a fuel efficient and environment friendly mode of transport.
(iv) India’s trade with foreign countries is carried out through the ports located along the coast.
(v) 95% of the country’s trade is moved by sea.
Question. What is communication ? What are the two major means of communication ?
Answer : Communication is a process of exchanging information, ideas, thoughts, feelings and emotions through speech, signals, writing, or behaviour. The two major means of communication are :
(i) Personal communication including letter, e-mail, telephone, etc.
(ii) Mass communication including television, radio, press, films, etc.
Question. Why are transport, trade and communication complementary to each other ?
Answer : (i) For a long time, trade and transport were restricted to a limited space.
(ii) With the development of science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport expanded far and wide.
(iii) Today, the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport.
(iv) With the help of an advanced communication system, transport has become even faster in the recent time.
Question. “Dense and efficient network of transport is a prerequisite for local and national development.” Analyse the statement.
Answer : Introduction transport facilities trade and commerce that is a t request for a development.
(a) dense and efficient network of transport side trade and commerce by increasing the east will which day can be taken from one place to another.
(b) they increased accessibility to market and side of product save time and labour act as an integrating force.in as resource are space bound no country can sustain without trade which is expended by transport and communication.
(c) increase technology in transport has linked the country’s made a global village binding the economic life added in development it agriculture and rural areas along with industries and urban development.
(d) it has increased foreign investment and foreign trade by globalisation.
Conclusion : the stafford is pre request for local and national development.
Question. Correct the following statement and rewrite :
The British Railways Organisation (BRO) constructs and maintains roads in the border areas of the country.
Answer : The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) constructs and maintains roads in the border areas of the country.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question. Why is air travel more popular in the North-Eastern states of India ? Explain.
Answer : Air travel is more popular in the North-Eastern states of India due to following reasons:
(i) It can cover very difficult terrains like high mountains, lifeless deserts, dense forests and also long oceanic stretches with great ease.
(ii) North-eastern part of the country is marked with the presence of big rivers, dissected relief, dense forests and frequent floods, etc. In the absence of air transport, living in this part of India is difficult. (iii) There are international frontiers in this part of India which requires regular surveillance. So, a developed air transport is essential.
(iv) Air travel is not within the reach of the common people. It is only in the north-eastern states that special provisions are made to extend the services to the common people.
Question. On what basis roads are classified in India ?
Answer : In India, roads are classified into the following six classes according to their capacity.
(i) Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways : The government has launched a major road development project linking Delhi-Kolkata- Chennai-Mumbai and Delhi by six lane Super Highways.
(ii) National Highways : National Highways link extreme parts of the country. These are the primary road systems and are laid and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). The historical Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No.1, between Delhi and Amritsar.
(iii) State Highways : Roads linking a state capital with different district headquarters are known as State Highways. These roads are constructed and maintained by the State Public Works Department (PWD) in state and Union territories.
(iv) District Roads : District Roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district. These roads are maintained by the Zila Parishad.
(v) Other Roads : Rural roads, which link rural areas and villages with towns, are classified under this category.
(vi) Border Roads : Border Roads Organization, a Government of India undertaking constructs and maintains border roads.
Question. Mention any two inland waterways of India. Write three characteristic of each.
Answer : Two inland waterways of India are :
(i) The Brahmaputra river between Sadiya and Dhubri.
(ii) The West-Coast canal in Kerala. Characteristics of Brahmaputra river between Sadiya and Dhubri are as follows :
(i) The waterway is 891 km long on river Brahmaputra.
(ii) Long cruise tourist vessels make voyages between Sivsagar and Dibrugarh continuously. Thus, making it a commercially beneficial inland waterway.
(iii) Border security force deployed on this inland waterway is proving to be important base for defense of the country. Characteristics of West-Coast canal in India are as follows :
(i) The waterway is 205 km long on the canals of Kerala.
(ii) The backwaters of Kerala prove to be cheap means of transport attracting tourists.