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Print Culture and the Modern World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions

Please refer to Print Culture and the Modern World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions with answers below. These solved questions for Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World in NCERT Book for Class 10 Social Science have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. Students should learn these solved problems properly as these will help them to get better marks in your class tests and examinations. You will also be able to understand how to write answers properly. Revise these questions and answers regularly. We have provided Notes for Class 10 Social Science for all chapters in your textbooks.

Important Questions Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World

All Print Culture and the Modern World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions provided below have been prepared by expert teachers of Standard 10 Social Science. Please learn them and let us know if you have any questions.

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question. Why was printing of textbooks sponsored by the Imperial State in China ? 
Answer : The printing of textbooks were sponsored by the Imperial State in China because China possessed a large bureaucratic system, which recruited their personnel through civil service examinations. That is why, textbooks were printed in large numbers to provide them study material.

Question. How did print popularise the ideas of enlightenment thinkers in France ?
Answer : By attacking the sacred authority of the church and the despotic powers of the state, the print propagated the notions of enlightenment thinkers in France.

Question. How had hand printing technology introduced in Japan?
Answer : Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand printing technology in Japan around 768-770 AD.

Question. Who invented printing press and when ? 
Answer : Printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the year 1430.

Question. Why did the Roman Catholic Church impose control over publishers and booksellers ?
Answer : Print LED several individual interpretation of faith a picture of God and creation that engage Roman catholic Church increase.

Question. Who was Johannes Gutenberg ?
Answer : Johannes Gutenberg was the son of a merchant and he invented the first printing press in Germany, Europe.

Question. Complete the following :
Calligraphy is the art of _____ .
Answer : beautiful and stylised writing

Short Answer Type Questions

Question. Write the name of any two women writers of India in nineteenth century and highlights their contribution.
Answer : The two influential Indian women writers in the nineteenth century were Kailashbashini Debi and Rashsundari Debi.
(i) Kailashbashini Debi : She was a Bengali women who started writing books from 1860s, underscoring the vivid experiences of women. She reflected on women’s imprisonment at home and their glaring hardships in their lifetime. She showed that women were treated harshly by new people
(ii) Rashsundari Debi : She was a young married women who learned to read and write from the secrecy of her Kitchen. After acquiring the art of writing, she delineated her life story in the form of autobiography called Amar Jiban (My life) in Bengali language.

Question. Why did British government curb the freedom of the Indian press after the revolt of 1857 ?
Answer : The British government curbed the freedom of the Indian press after the revolt of 1857 because the attitude to freedom of the press changed. Enraged Englishmen demanded a clamp down on the ‘native‘ press. As vernacular newspapers became assertively nationalist, the colonial government began debating measures for string control.

Question. Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas and introduced a new world of debate discussion.’’ Analyse the statement in the context of religion in Europe. 
Answer : Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas, and introduced a new world of debate and discussion.
(i) Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas. Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think differently, and move them to action.
(ii) Many were apprehensive of the effects that the easier access to the printed word and wider circulation of books, could have on people’s minds.
(iii) It was feared that if there was no control over what was printed and read, then rebellious and irreligious thoughts might spread.

Question. Write a note on Erasmus’s idea of a printed book.
Answer : Erasmus was a Latin scholar and a Catholic reformer. He strongly objected to the printing of books. In his opinion, most printed books were slanderous, irreligious and provoking. With the subsequent expansion of printing, ideas of enlightened thinkers attracted the mass and they started to see the world thorough the lens of logic. These printed books were spreading heretical ideas that opposed the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. According to Erasmus, such printed books debased the value of handwritten manuscripts.

Long Answer Type Questions

Question. Explain how print culture assisted the growth of nationalism in India.
Answer. Print culture culminated in the development of nationalism in India. The points are as follows :
(i) Print culture resulted in publication of most papers in vernacular languages. Many journals were published after 1870.
(ii) These journal and newspapers published cartoons and caricatures refuting the imperial rule and gave comments on social and political issues. The vernacular newspapers such as Kesari and Maratha in Marathi languages were overtly nationalist and reflected on colonial misrule and stimulated nationalist current.
(iii) The British government advocated repressive policies that led to militant protest. Tilak was incarcerated for reporting on repressive measures in his Kesari in 1908. It resulted in widespread resentment.
(iv) Print culture encouraged the leaders to pass on the ideas to people across the nation. This initiative brought them closer and assisted in the development of nationalism.

Question. Why did some people in eighteenth century Europe think that print culture would bring enlightenment and end despotism ? 

Answer. In 18th century, many people felt that print culture would definitely bring enlightenment and cease despotism. The reasons are enumerated as follows :
(i) Dissemination of new ideas : After the advent of the print culture, the notions of scientists and philosophers reached the masses at large. Ancient and medieval scientific texts were collated and published. This phase signaled the growth of enlightenment and fanned the flames of print revolution.
(ii) Books as means of progress : By the close of the eighteenth century, books became the medium of progress and enlightenment. They started to spread new ideas and opinions that enthralled the audience. People became voracious readers and they began to see the world through the prism of logic and rationality.
(iii) Writings of scholars : The writings of eminent thinkers and philosophers such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, Thomas Paine and Voltaire were also widely printed and circulated. Their writings became popular among the masses at large. Thus, their notions about science, rationality and reasoning entered the corpus of literature.
(iv) Scientific discoveries : The cartographers began to curate authentic maps and scientific diagrams. These maps and scientific illustrations were widely printed. They could influence a much wider circle of scientifically minded readers.
(v) A new culture of dialogue and debate : The printing press was deemed to be the potential medium of progress and enlightenment. The press engendered strong public opinions and ideas. Many historians opined that the print culture spawned conditions for the growth of enlightenment and the cessation of despotism in the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789.

Print Culture and the Modern World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions

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