Pronoun Rules English Grammar
Students should refer to the following Pronoun Rules of English Grammar. These rules have been designed by expert English teachers to help students appearing in English Exams in schools or competitive examinations. You should remember the following Pronoun Rules so that you can use them correctly and score good marks in examinations. You should refer to all Rules of English Grammar provided by us to strengthen your understanding.
Pronoun Rules English Grammar
Rule 1- When the pronoun is used as the object of a verb or of a preposition, it should be in the objective case.
Eg- These chocolates are for you and I. (Incorrect)
These chocolates are for you and me. (correct)
Rule 2- The indefinite pronoun ‘one’ should be used throughout if it has been used.
Eg- One must not brag about his own success. (Incorrect)
One must not brag about one’s own success. (Correct)
Rule 3- Emphatic pronouns (Himself, herself, myself, ourselves, themselves etc.) cannot be used alone as subjects.
Ex- Himself did it (Wrong)
He himself did it (Correct)
Rule 4- Use ‘Each other’ for two person or things. For more than two use ‘one another’
Ex- The two brothers hate one another (Incorrect)
The two brothers hate each other (Correct)
Rule 5- ‘Either’ of ‘neither’ is used when we are speaking of two persons or things. In case of more than two we use ‘any’, ‘no one’ and ‘none’.
Ex- Anyone of these two T-shirts must be chosen. (Incorrect)
Either of these two t-shirts must be chosen. (Correct)
Ex- Neither of these three girls did her project. (Incorrect)
None of these three girls did her project. (Correct)
Rule 6- When a gerund follows a pronoun then the pronoun must be in possessive case.
Ex- Please excuse me being late (Incorrect)
Please excuse my being late. (Correct)
Rule 7- A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number and gender.
Ex- Each these girls has completed their breakfast. (Incorrect)
Each of these girls has completed her breakfast. (Correct)
Rule 8- When two or more singular nouns are joined by ‘and’, the pronoun must be in plural form.
Ex- Both ghanshyam and shyam have done his project. (Incorrect)
Both ghanshyam and Shyam have done their project.(correct)
Rule 9- When two or more singular nouns joined by ‘or’ , nor’ ‘either or’ ‘neither nor’ then the pronoun for them must be in singular form.
Ex- Neither Seeta nor Geeta has eaten their breakfast. (Incorrect)
Neither Seeta nor Geeta has eaten her breakfast. (Correct)
Rule 10- When two or more singular noun joined by ‘and’ refer to same person then pronoun must be in singular form.
Ex- The Principal and HOD of biology is not good in their behaviour.(Incorrect)
The principal and HOD of biology is not good in his behaviour. (correct)
Rule 11- When two or more singular pronouns of different persons come together then the sequence should be –First ( You-second person), Second (He/she- third person ) , third ( I- first person)
Ex- You, she and I have been appreciated for the completion of the science project.
Note- But in situation where we are reporting some unpleasant news we use the order 1st person (I), 2nd person (You) then 3rd person (He/She)
Ex- I, you and she have been held responsible for the failure of the software launch.
Rule 12- With superlative degree adjectives, only, none, all etc we use ‘that’ as relative pronoun not ‘which/who’
Ex- All which glitters is not gold.(Incorrect)
All that glitters is not gold (Correct)
Rule 13- After ‘let’ if a pronoun is used , then that pronoun must be in objective case.
Ex- Let he go there. (Incorrect)
Let him go there. (Correct)