The Making of a Global World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions
Please refer to The Making of A Global World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions with answers below. These solved questions for Chapter 3 The Making of A Global World in NCERT Book for Class 10 Social Science have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. Students should learn these solved problems properly as these will help them to get better marks in your class tests and examinations. You will also be able to understand how to write answers properly. Revise these questions and answers regularly. We have provided Notes for Class 10 Social Science for all chapters in your textbooks.
Important Questions Class 10 Social Science Chapter 3 The Making of A Global World
All The Making of A Global World Class 10 Social Science Important Questions provided below have been prepared by expert teachers of Standard 10 Social Science. Please learn them and let us know if you have any questions.
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question. Why was Britain burdened with huge external debts after World War-I ?
Answer : Britain was encumbered with huge external debts as it had to finance war expenditures that Britain had borrowed liberally from the U.S.
Question. Who was indentured labourer ?
Answer : Indentured labourer signifies a ‘bonded labourer’who obtained contract to work for an employer for a particular period of time.
Question. Who were Shikaripuri Shroffs and Nattukottai Chettiars ?
Answer : Shikaripuri Shroffs and Nattukottai Chettiars represented banking and trading groups who financed export agriculture in Central and Southeast Asia.
Question. Who forced the government to abolish Corn Laws ?
Answer : Industrialists and urban dwellers compelled the government to abolish Corn Laws.
Question. How did British manage opium trade with China ?
Answer : British produced opium in India and exported it to China. Based on the money earned through the sale, it financed its tea and other imports from China.
Short Answers Type Questions
Question. What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement ?
Answer : The Bretton Woods Agreement came into vogue in July 1944 at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire, USA. The Bretton Woods System led to the development of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank to maintain global economic stability and full employment in the industrial world. These world-class financial and development organizations also handled crucial problems related to external surpluses and deficits of member nations and financed post-war reconstructions.
Question. “The multinational companies (MNCs) choose China as an alternative location for investment.” Explain the statement.
Answer : The multinational companies (MNCs) choose China as an alternative location for investment because :
(i) After the Revolution of 1949, China gradually entered the field of world economy. It attracted the foreign MNCs to invest in China.
(ii) China is the most popular country in the world, besides labour they formed a large consumer base.
(iii) Wages in China were relatively low. So, it was great attraction for the MNCs.
Question. Why did the inflow of fine Indian cotton begin to decline in England ?
Answer : Historically, fine cottons produced in India were exported to Europe. The reasons of the decline of the inflow of fine Indian cotton in England were as follows :
(i) The British rule heralded a new epoch of commercialisation and exposure to foreign trade. As a matter of fact, Indian hand-spun cotton became extinct due to competition from the British industries.
(ii) Tariffs were imposed on cloth imports to Britain. Consequently, the inflow of fine Indian cotton began to decline.
(iii) British manufactures also sought overseas markets for the sale of Manchester and Liverpool made cotton clothes.
(iv) Due to excessive tariff barriers, Indian textiles faced rigid competition in other foreign markets.
Question. How had Indian trade been beneficial for the British during seventeenth century ? Explain.
Answer : The Indian trade had been beneficial for the British during seventeenth century due to following reasons:
(i) Cotton, silk, indigo dye, saltpetre and tea were in demand in Britain and their availability from India enhanced the quality of life for the British.
(ii) Hand-made products came to symbolise refinement and class.
(iii) They were better finished.
(iv) They were individually produced.
(v) They were carefully designed.
(vi) Machine-made goods were for export to the colonies.
Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follow:
Source A- Late Nineteenth Century Colonialism Trade flourished and markets expanded in the late nineteenth century. But this was not only a period of expanding trade and increased prosperity. It is important to realise that there was a darker side to this process. In many parts of the world, the expansion of trade and a closer relationship with the world economy also meant a loss of freedoms and livelihoods. Late nineteenth-century European conquests produced many painful economic, social and ecological changes through which the colonised societies were brought into the world economy.
Source B- Rinderpest, or the Cattle Plague In Africa, in the 1890s, a fast-spreading disease of cattle plague or rinderpest had a terrifying impact on people’s livelihoods and the local economy. This is a good example of the widespread European imperial impact on colonised societies. It shows how in this era of conquest even a disease affecting cattle reshaped the lives and fortunes of thousands of people and their relations with the rest of the world.
Source C- Indentured Labour Migration from India The example of indentured labour migration from India also illustrates the two-sided nature of the nineteenthcentury world. It was a world of faster economic growth as well as great misery, higher incomes for some and poverty for others, technological advances in some areas and new forms of coercion in others.
Source A- Late Nineteenth Century Colonialism
Question. What was the darker side of colonization?
Answer. Colonization led to loss of freedoms and livelihoods for millions of people living in the colonies.
Source B- Rinderpest, or the Cattle Plague
Question. What were the effects of rinderpest in Africa?
Answer. Rinderpest killed almost 90 per cent of the cattle in Africa that ruined the African livelihood.
Source C- Indentured Labour Migration from India
Question. What was indentured labour? What were the destinations of Indian indentured labourers?
Answer. (i) In the indentured labour system, a bonded labourer under contract had to work for an employer for a specific amount of time, to pay off his passage to a new country or home. (ii) The main destinations of Indian indentured labourer were the Caribbean islands, Mauritius and Fiji.
Long Answer Type Questions
Question. What were the harsh repercussions of the Great World War-I of the early-twentieth century ?
Answer : The harsh repercussions of the Great World War-I of the early-twentieth century are as follows :
(i) Depopulation : Tanks and bombs decimated half the population of the world. Therefore, depopulation is the first negative aspect of the Great world Wars.
(ii) Economic dislocation : Economic condition of both the Axis and Allied powers deteriorated during the Great wars. It started to revive in the interregnum phase in the aftermath of the World War- I (1914-19). However, economic dislocations surfaced again during the World War-II.
(iii) High prices of consumer goods : Due to incurrent wars, heavy industries developed in the fringes of the nations. As a matter of fact, the supply of consumer goods became scarce. Due to high demand of these goods, the prices of consumer goods skyrocketed in the market.
(iv) Adverse impact on India : Low agricultural productivity led to the shortage of agricultural goods in the major cities of Allied and Axis Powers. The colonies of England, especially India exported raw materials and agricultural goods to England. Consequently, Indian economy crumbled and fell into a state of complete collapse.
Question. Explain what is referred to as the G-77 countries. In what ways can G-77 be seen as a reaction to the activities of the Bretton Woods twins ?
Answer : The’ G-77 countries’ represented the group of 77 countries that demanded a new economic international order (NEIO). The New Economic International Order (NIEO) is a system that would give them real control over their natural resources, without being victimized by the agents of neo-colonialism, a new variant of colonialism in trade. Neo-colonialism was practiced by the former colonial powers. The G-77 can be seen as a reaction to the activities of the Bretton Woods twins (the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank). These two institutions were designed to accomplish the financial needs of industrial and developed countries. They did nothing for the economic growth of former colonies and developing nations.