CDS English Comprehension Solved
Students should go through CDS English Comprehension Solved given below. These are really important if you are appearing for any type of English Exams. We have provided below solved samples which will help you to understand how to solve CDS English Comprehension related questions in tests and exams. You can refer to more such English Grammar topics on our website which will help you to improve your English Grammar skills.
Combined Defence Services Solved Comprehensions and Passages with Solved Answers
Next week I am on vacation . While I am on vacation, I will work on two projects. First, I will fix the washing machine. The washing machine has been broken for two weeks. To fix it, I will need three tools: a screwdriver, a wrench, and a clamp . It will take one day to fix the washing machine. Next, I will fix our back porch. This is a bigger project. It will probably take about two days to fix the back porch, and will require a screwdriver, a hammer, nails, and a saw. My vacation starts on Monday. I have a lot of work to do, but hopefully I can relax after I finish my work.
Q 1.Which of these tools will the author use more than once?
(A) a screwdriver
(B) a hammer
(C) a clamp
(D) a saw
Q.2 As used in paragraph 2, what does ‘require’ mean?
Q.3 Which of the following tools does the author not need to fix the back porch?
(A) a screwdriver
(B) a wrench
(D) a saw
Q.4 What is the earliest day that the author can finish both projects?
Q.5 On which project will the author need to use the most tools?
(A) fixing the washing machine
(B) fixing the back porch
(C) both projects need the same number of tools
(D) neither project needs any tools
Crude mineral oil comes out of the earth as a thick brown or black liquid with a strong smell. It is a complex mixture of many different substances, each with its own individual qualities. Most of them are combinations of hydrogen and carbon in varying proportions. Such hydrocarbons are also found in other forms such as bitumen, asphalt and natural gas. Mineral oil originates from the carcasses of tiny animals and from plants that live in the sea. Over millions of years, these dead creatures form large deposits under sea-bed and ocean currents cover them with a blanket of sand and silt. As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock and effectively shuts out the oxygen, thus preventing the complete decomposition of the marine deposits underneath. The layers of sedimentary rocks become thicker, and heavier. Their pressure produces heat, which transforms the tiny carcasses into crude oil in a process that is still going on today.
Q1. How does crude oil come out of the earth?
(a) Thick brown or black liquid with mild smell
(b) Thick liquid with sweet smell
(c) Mixture of different colours
(d) Thick brown or black liquid with a strong smell
Q2. What is crude mineral oil?
(a) Complex mixture of many different substances
(b) Simple mixture of natural gas
(c) Plain white oil
(d) It is bitumen
Q3. From where does mineral oil originate?
(a) Complex mixture of substances
(b) Carcasses of tiny animals and plants that live in the sea
(c) From lakes
(d) Only from plants
Q4. The time taken for the marine deposits to harden into rocks is?
(a) a few centuries
(b) millions of years
(c) a few decades
(d) thousands of years
Q5.Sedimentary rocks lead to the formation of oil deposits because?
(a) their pressure produces heat and turns deposits of animal carcasses and plants into oil.
(b) it turns heavy and shuts out the oxygen
(c) it becomes hard and forms into rocks to squeeze oil
(d) it becomes light and soft and applies pressure to produce oil
A knowledge of grammar is essential for good speaking and writing, by which one’s mind is judged. Studying grammar means hard work: it must be learned as a whole, with no part omitted, and it demands much thought and patience. But, once acquired, it can give a life-time’s pleasure and profit. Its study requires no physical hardship, no special room or expenses. If people spent only their leisure time studying grammar they could master it in one year. The author learned it in less than a year. As a private soldier earning sixpence a day, he sat on his bed and studied. Unable to afford candle or oil, he read in winter by firelight (when it was his turn). If he could manage it thus, and with no outside encouragement, then any youth, however poor or busy, could do the same.
Q.1Why should we learn grammar?
(a). To develop speaking skills
(b). To develop writing skills
(c). To have a mastery over language
(d). To acquire good speaking and writing skills
Q.2How does the world judge a man’s mind?
(a). By his dress
(b). By his manners
(c). By his appearance
(d). By his speech and writing
Q.3How long would it take to gain mastery over grammar?
(a). One year
(b). Six months
(c). Two years
(d). Ten months
Q.4What is the occupation of the writer?
Q.5The learning of grammar should be
(a). patient, thoughtful and holistic
(b). thoughtful, patient and piecemeal
(c). holistic, thoughtful and rapid
(d). thoughtful, rapid and piecemeal
Two men were once walking along a forest path, talking of courage and loyalty. The bigger one, who had a gun, was boasting of his own bravery and fidelity, when suddenly a large bear came from behind a rock close in front of them, and stood in their way growling angrily. The boaster fled to the nearest tree, dropped his gun, and climbed to a safe place without thinking of his poor friend. The latter flung himself upon his face as though dead. The bear smelt his body, turned him over, licked his face, and supposing him to be dead, went on its way leaving him unhurt.
The other man came down from the tree, and going to his friend said “Well, what secrets did he whisper so quietly in your ear? “. To which the little man who owed his life to his own presence of mind and not to be boasted bravery and fidelity of his companion, replied, “why, he said, ‘put not your trust in braggarts,’ and I shall take his advice .
Q.1 What were the two men talking about while walking along the forest path?
(a) About their wives and children.
(b) About money and fame.
(c) About friendship and enjoyment.
(d) About courage and loyalty.
Q.2 What is the meaning of the word “fidelity”
(a) Muscle (b) Strength
(c) Faithfulness (d) Courage
Q.3 After seeing the bear, what happened to the boaster?
(a) He fled home.
(b) He hid himself behind the rock.
(c) He hid himself behind a shed.
(d) He fled and climbed up the nearest tree.
4. What made the bear go away after examining the man ?
(a) The bear thought the man was dead
(b) The bear could not stand the bad odour of the man .
(c) The bear did not want to eat the man .
(d) The bear heard a noise and was scared .
5. What saved the little man?
(a) The aid from the villagers
(b) His friend’s bravery
(c) His own presence of mind
(d) His own courage
Some languages are used by a few people. Others, such as Mandarin Chinese and English, are spoken by millions. Many people speak two or more languages. They may use one language at home with family and friends, and another at work or school. Regional variations of language are known as dialects. The Anglo-Saxons, who conquered Britain at the end of the Roman Empire, spoke a Germanic language, which later became English. Other Germanic languages include Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish. English also contains French-derived words after it was ruled by French-speaking kings following the Norman Conquest.
Q.1Mandarin Chinese is spoken by ____people.
Q.2A person who is good at foreign languages is known as.
Q.3_____are regional variations of a language
(b) Mandarin Chinese
(c) Home language
Q.4English also included French words ____ the Norman Conquest
Q.5____ is part of a Germanic language.
(d) Roman Empire
In the world today we make health and end in itself. We have forgotten that health is really means to enable a person to do his work and do it well. a lot of modern medicine and this includes many patients as well as many physicians pays very little attention to health but very much attention to those who imagine that they are ill. Our great concern with health is shown by the medical columns in newspapers. the health articles in popular magazines and the popularity of television programmes and all those books on medicine. We talk about health all the time. Yet for the most part the only result is more people with imaginary illness. The healthy man should not be wasting time talking about health: he should be using health for work. The work does the work that good health possible.
Q-1 Modern medicine is primarily concerned with
(a).promotion of good health
(b).people suffering from imaginary illness
(c).people suffering from real illness
(d).increased efficiency in work
Q.2. The passage suggests that
(a).health is an end in itself
(b).health is blessing
(c).health is only means to an end
(d).we should not talk about health
Q.3. Talking about the health all time makes people
(a).always suffer from imaginary illness
(b).sometimes suffer from imaginary illness
(c).rarely suffer from imaginary illness
(d).often suffer from imaginary illness
Q.4. The passage tells us
(a).how medicine should be manufactured
(b).what healthy man should or should not do
(c).what television programmes should be about
(d).how best to imagine illness
5. A healthy man should be concerned with
(a).his work which good health makes possible
(b).looking after his health
(c).his health which makes work possible
(d).talking about health
The question of race has caused bloodbaths throughout history. Take the case of the Negro, a negro is someone with black skin who comes from Africa. It is an old fashioned word and is offensive. Some people used to write that way deliberately. The word ‘nigger’ is also very offensive. The word was later replaced by ‘coloured’ which gave way to ‘black’. Black is a colour with negative suggestions. So we have expressions like ‘black deed’, ‘black day’ and ‘blackmail’. So no wonder the word ‘black’ too assumed unfavourable meanings. (Although in the 1960’s the famous slogan ‘Black is beautiful’ was coined, and it did not help.) The blacks of the United States therefore came to be called Afro – Americans. Now, the politically correct phrase is African American.
Q.1What impression does the word ‘black’ carry?
(a) All of the above (b) Unfavourable
(c) Negative (d) Contemptible
Q.2Which word is old – fashioned and offensive?
(a) Africa (b) Negro
(c) Skin (d) Black
Q.3 Give the synonym of ‘Offensive’.
(a) Aggressive (b) Sympathetic
(c) Defending (d)Courteous
Q.4 Which is the politically correct phrase?
(a) Nigger (b) African American
(c) Colored (d) Afro – Americans
Q.5 Why was ‘Black is beautiful’ coined?
(a) To encourage Racial and Caste bias
(b) To discourage negro slavery system
(c) To combat the pre – judiced feelings against blacks
(d) To increase the confidence of aboriginals
The Met office has revised its prediction following decent rain on Monday morning, saying the cloud cover and light to moderate rain are likely to continue for at least the next 48 hours. The weatherman had earlier predicted that the rain would dry up in the city and its adjoining areas for a couple of days from the start of the week. The showers dragged down the day’s maximum temperature four notches below normal to 28.3 degrees Celsius, from Sunday’s 33. “We were expecting the rain the city had been receiving for the past couple of days to stop from Monday as there was no cyclonic circulation and the monsoon trough was moving away from the city. But the trough got stronger, resulting in the rain,” said an official of the Alipore weather office. The trough is passing through Daltanganj in Jharkhand, Bhagalpur in Bihar and the central part of Bengal. “The monsoon trough now is not very close to Calcutta but it has gained in strength, resulting in Monday morning’s shower in the city,” the official said.
Q.1 Why did the Met office revise its prediction?
(a)As the clouds gained in strength.
(b)There was decent rain on Monday.
(c)There was no cyclonic circulation.
(d)The clouds passed away.
Q.2 The rains would continue for the –
(a) next two days at least (b) next four days
(c) next eight hours (d) next month
Q.3 The monsoon trough is passing through
(a) North Bengal (b) Jharkhand
(c) The southern part of Bengal (d) Alipore
Q.4What is the role of the Met office?
(a) To warn the city of an accident (b) To bring rain to the city
(c) To stop rain (d) To predict rain
Q.5 Rain falls in the city when the monsoon trough gets
(a) weaker (b) stronger
(c) moderate (d) lighter
If a country should have a message for its people, it should be a message of human dignity. The ideals of a nation should be of the freedom of ideas, speech, press, the right to assemble and the right to worship. A country should boldly proclaim to a world dominated by tyrants that ‘all men are created equal and they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights’ and ‘among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness’. This should be the source of the strength and power of a nation. If people have the freedom to live their lives in dignity, they can work with a sound mind and physical health. The moral,political and economic stature of a country lies in the strength of its people. A nation should strive to be a more perfect, not the perfect country where the people are given a promise and a hope in their minds to work and cherish liberty, justice, and opportunity. We do not always get what we want when we want it but it is always better to believe that someday, somehow, someway, we will get what we want.
Q1.Citizens of a country should work and cherish
(a) opportunity and justice
(c) liberty, justice and opportunity
(d) liberty and happiness
Q.2’Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness’ are
(a) Gifts of our Creator
(b) Pillars of equality
(c) Rights of all men
(d) Ideals of a nation
Q3.The ending part of the passage is about
(a) Hope (b) Want
(c) A promise (d) Perfection
Q.4The passage leads the reader to think about:
(a) The morals of a nation
(b) The rights of the people
(c) Ruling nation
(d) What a country needs
Q.5The source of the strength and power of a nation depends on
(a) rights of the people
(b) its people
(c) freedom of the people
(d) the physical health of the people
A little boy who used to play in its shade. They had become friends. One day, the boy sat leaning against the trunk of the tree, crying. He was hungry, “Eat my fruit”, said the kind tree bending down one of its branches. The boy ate the fruit and was happy. The boy grew up. One day, he sat under the tree with an anxious look on his face. “What is the matter”? asked the tree. “I am going to marry and I want a house to live in.” said the young man.”Cut down my branches and build your house”; said the tree. The young man built a house with the branches of the tree. The young man became a sailor. One day, he sat under the tree with a worried look. “What is the matter?” asked the tree. “My Captain is a cruel fellow. I want a ship of my own,” said the sailor. “Cut down my trunk and build a ship.” The sailor lost his ship and returned home as a helpless old man. On a cold winter’s day, he stood where the tree once was leaning on his stick, and trembling with cold. “Make a fire of me,” said the stump of the tree, and warm yourself,” it so on burnt in the fire softly humming a tune
Answer the following questions that is given below.
1. Define the friendship that this story illustrate.
(A) It was long life
(B) lt was on selfish
(C) lt was one sided
(D) lt was foolish
2.What is meant by set to work immediately.
(A) He made a house immediately
(B) He started work immediately
(C)He began to cut down the branches immediately
(D) He got his work immediately
3. ln general man in the story is…….
(A) Unusually greedy
(B) Overburned with difficulties of life
(C) Selfish and always demanding
(D) Very intelligent
4. the main qualities of two characters in the story are
(A) Both are foolish
(B) One is intelligent and another is foolish
(C) Both of them are intelligent
(D) One is demanding another full of mercy
In May 1966. the World Health Organization was authorized to initiate a global campaign to eradicate smallpox. The goal was to eradicate the disease in one decade, because similar projects for malaria and yellow fever had failed, few believed that smallpox could actually be eradicated: but eleven years after the initial organization of the campaign, no cases were reported in the field. The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccination, but also to isolate patients with active small-pox in order contain the spread of the disease and to break the chain of human transmission. Rewards for reporting smallpox assisted motivating the public to aid health workers. One by one, each small-pox victim was sought out, removed from contact with others and treated. .At the same time, the entire village where the victim had lived was vaccinated. Today small-pox is no longer a threat to humanity . utine vaccinations have stopped worldwide.
1. Which of the following is the best title for the passage ?
(A) The World Health Organisation (B) The Eradication of Smallpox
(C) Small-pox Vaccinations (D) Infectious Diseases
2. What was the goal of the campaign against small-pox?
(A) To decrease the spread of smallpox worldwide.
(B) To eliminate small-pox worldwide in ten years.
(C) To provide mass vaccinations against smallpox worldwide.
(D) To initiate worldwide projects for smallpox, malaria and yellow fever at the same time.
3. According to the paragraph, what was the strategy used to eliminate the spread of smallpox ?
(A) Vaccination of the entire village
(B) Treatment of individual victims
(C) Isolation of victims and mass vaccinations.
(D) Extensive reporting of outbreaks
4. Which statement doesn’t refer to small-pox?
(A) Previous project had failed.
(B) People are no longer vaccinated for it.
(C) The World Health Organisation mounted a worldwide campaign to eradicate the disease. (D) It was a serious threat.
5. It can be inferred that
(A) no new cases of smallpox have been reported this year.
(B) malaria and yellow fever have been eliminated
(C) small-pox victims no longer die when they contract the disease.
(D) small-pox is not transmitted from one person to another
There are so many Holy Scriptures accessible to people today towards which they hold faith and pay obeisance, nonetheless they remain curbed to this mortal form and distanced from the truth. They perform all the arduous rites and rituals, recite religious scriptures, visit places of pilgrimage, sit in penance, indulge in holy bathing and still find they are at odds. Because instead of unifying with the eternal Being, prejudice is holding them back, and the one thing which will set everything right is not obtained, that is, God-realization. So, one must relate with this Supreme energy.
1.For which of the following, people have great respect, so that they are ready to obey?
(1) The moral values
(2) Great faith in the sense of duties
(3) Those who are downtrodden
(4) The Holy Scriptures
2.Basically what brings people away from truth?
(1) The preachings of Holy Scriptures
(2) The prejudices that marred them for doing so
(3) The practices they have to perform
(4) All of the above
3.What do you mean by ‘sit in penance’ -as used in the passage?
(1) Sit in temples to give up their bodies
(2) Sit in temples for gaining internal insight
(3) Sit there as a repentence for the sins they have performed
(4) None of these
4.What will set everything right?
(1) The realization of God
(2) Prejudices of holding back
(3) The rituals they perform
(4) The holy bathing they indulge into
5.Who / What is the Supreme Energy as used in the passage?
(1) The internal energy gained with spiritual performances
(2) The insight developed after the study of Holy Scraptures
(3) The morale the acrue by dint of spiritual prectices
(4) The Supreme being – the God
A man who has no sense of history ‘. Hitler declared, is like a man who has no ears or eyes. He himself claimed to have had a passionate interest in history since his school days and he communism displayed considerable familiarity with the course of European those history. His conversation was studied with historical references and historical parallels. More than that Hitler’s whole cast of thought was historical, and his sense of mission was derived from his sense of history. Like his contemporary Spengler Hitler was fascinated by the rise and fall of civilizations. He was himself born at a critical moment in European history when the liberal bourgeois world of the nineteeth century was disintegrating. What would take its place? The future lay with the ‘Jew – Bolshevik’ ideology of the masses until Europe could be saved by the Nazi racist ideology of the elite.
1.Who has no ears of eyes?
(a) A man having sense of history
(b)A man who has no sense of history
(C) A man who has extra knowledge
(d) A man having passionate interest in history
2.Hitler displayed familiarity with:
(a) scientific facts (b) Indian history
(c) European history (d) None of these.
3.These Hitler’s sense of mission was derived from:
(a) his love of mankind (b) his sense of history
(c) nowhere (d) contemporary society
4. The rise and fall of civilization fascinates:
(a) Scientists (b) Hitler
(c) Alexander the Great (d) Mahatma Gandhi
5.Hitler was born at a moment when:
(a) the bourgeois world of the 19th century was integrating
(b) everything was liberally treated
(c) the bourgeois world of the 19th century was disintegrating
(d) none of these is correct
The misfortunes of human beings may be divided into two classes; first, those inflicted by the non – human environment, and second those inflicted by other people. As mankind has progressed in knowledge and technique, the second class has become a continually increasing percentage of the total. In old times, famine, for example, was due to natural causes, and although people did their best to combat it, large number of them died of starvation. At the present moment large parts of the world are faced with threats of famine. Although natural causes has contributed to the situation, the principal causes are human. The evils that men inflict on each other, have their evil passions rather than in ideas or beliefs.
1.According to the author the misfortunes of human beings can be divided into.
(a) ten classes (b) numerous classes
(c) five classes (d) two classes
2.The first misfortune is that inflicted by
(a) human environment (b) non-human environment
(c) progressive environment (d) supernatural environment
3.The second misfortune is that caused by
(a) other people (b) animals
(c) plants (d) factories
4.at the presetn moment the main cause of the misfortune of mankind is
(a) scinece (b) technology
(c) other human beings (d) famine
5.The main reason for men exposing each other to evils is
(a) ideas (b) beliefs
(c) evil passions (d) convictions
Every genius that comes to the world, achieves greatness through the capacity of taking trouble, All great men of the world who have achieved impossible things in their life time have undergone hardships, sacrifices, trials and tribulations. There is no easy victory over failure. No hard achievement is smooth and easy. History of great men reminds us that with strong determination man can achieve any thing be may set his mind upon, however impossible it may seem apparently.A man with determination and iron will can defeat all hurdles in the way of his mission. Even the most intelligent people suffer in life if they cannot cope with their circumstances find labor hard to achieve the goal of their life. A genius who is fired with real zeal and determination to achieve his ideal cernes to possess the necessary capacity to bear the redships, cross the hurdles and achieve the final victory. Genius and hard work go together to bring the desired results. The stage of greatness cernes after many stages of frustration and disappointment. The weaker man gives way to these frustrations but the genius perseveres and holds on to his mission still they achieve the object of their life.
1. The writer fuels that victory over failure:
(a) is not possible (b) is not good
(c) is absolute (d) is not easy
2. According to the passage genius implies:
(a) failing again and again
(b) capacty of taking trouble and hardship
(c) stages of frustration and disappointment
(d) escape from hardship
3. Which of the following is correct:
(a) Only dull people should work hard
(b) Intelligent people need not labor hard
(c) Even intelligent people have to cope with circumstances
(d) None of the above
4.It can be inferred that:
(a) genius and hard work go together
(b) genrus and hard work are opposed to each other
(c) genius arid hard work end in frustration
(d) .All of the above
5.A man can / defeat all hurdles by:
(a) coping with all situations
(b) strong determination and iron will
(c) becoming strong
(d) becoming tall
Philosopher and psychiatrists the world over offer their guidance on the art of living on how the best we can tackle the various problems that crop up in our daily lives. Gurus and priests try to teach us how to cleanse the inner self and overcome negative thoughts and feelings. However, the fact remains that what really frightens us is not death but life.
1.What frightens us?
(c) Both (a) & (b)
(d) None of these
2.Philosophers and psychiatrists preach us
(a) To fight the world head on
(b) How to live well
(c) To be philosopher
(d) None of these
3.Priests do not teach us to
(a) Purify the inner soul
(b) Overcome negative feelings
(c) Overcome innerself
(d) None of these.
Worry is a state of mind based upon fear. It works slowly, but persistently. It is crafty and subtle. Step by step it digs itself in until it paralyses one’s reasoning faculty, destroys self – confidence and initiative. Worry is a form of sustained fear caused by indecision; Therefore it is a state of mind which can be controlled.
1.The writer’s conclusion is that worry
(a) is based upon fear
(b) can be controlled
(c) is a form of sustained fear
(d) works slowly
2.Worry is a subtle agent that
(a) cripples one’s capacity to think
(b) sustains fear
(c) leads to indecision
(d) leads to unhappiness
3.Worry is ultimately caused by
(a) sustained fear (b) loss of self – confidence
(c) loss of initiative (d) indecision
4.when the author says that worry destroys ‘initiative’, he means that it
(a) destroys man’s strength
(b) kills the joy in him
(c) kills his capacity to see what is necessary
(d) makes him fearful
5. In this passage the author
(a) advises us to cast off fear from our minds
(b) advises us to be on our guard against worry
(c) tells us how to develop self – confidence
(d) gives us useful information about worry
Kashmir is a land of rivers and lakes and of flower spangled gardens and forests. It is a valley surrounded by snow – caped mountains. In the past, the Mughal Emperors would visit this beautiful valley. Jahanghir built the famous Shalimar and Nishat Bagh gardens. Dal Lake is full of Shikaras, which are floating boats. Another wonder worth seeing is the “floating fields” on which Kashmiris grow vegetables and flowers. The people in Kashmir wear a particular dress known as the Phiren. It is a loose woollen cover in different colors. During winter they carry a small “sigri “which contains burning coal. It keeps them warm during the extreme cold,
Q.1What are Shikaras?
(1) The hunting passion, the Kashmiris postes
(2) The snowcap mountains
(3) Green vegetable
(4) Floating boats
Q.2The term ‘spangle’ means –
(1) A striking object
(2) Pertaining to spring season
(3) A variety of flower
(4) A lush – green garden
Q.3The Kashmiris grow vegetable even on
(1) floating boats
(2) floating fields
(3) icecap mountains
(4) All of the above
Q.4 Sigri is –
(1) a type of dress
(2) a typical winter cloth
(3) a portable burning pyre
(4) None of these
Q.5 What is Phiren?
(1) A type of dress
(2) A floating boat
(3) A floating field
(4) A hill top
For my daughter Priya’s ninth birthday she wanted a pup. We had heard that there were pups at the nunnery. When the nuns opened the parlor door, the three plump Tibetan terriers tumbled out one over the other. One of them ran out of the room, climbed the staircase and hid himself under a chair in a classroom. Priya said, “He is the most spirited. I want him”. He was black with white paws and a white streak on his forehead. We brought him home and named him Vikramaditya Mudaliar. At three inches above the floor, his name was longer than him, so we called him Vicky. was Vicky, as used
Q1.Who was Vicky, as used in the passage?
(1) A young man (2) An orphan child
(3) A black young man (4) A small pretty dog
Q.2 Priya, on her 9th birthday wanted a
(1) Teddy doll
(2) a servant cum friend
(3) a small pretty dog
(4) a brother even from the nunnery 16
Q.3 Priya selected that particular pup because
(1) it was spirited
(2) it had a unique color
(3) it has inclination towards study
(4) None of these
Q4.What was the height of Vicky?
(1) three inches
(2) three feet
(3) one meter
(4) Not clear from the passage
Q.5 What do you mean by the word ‘plump’ as used in the passage?
(2) soft and round
(3) fatty and large
(4) very agile
I convey my best wishes for a prosperous and peaceful life. It is difficult for me to believe we are two separate nations. Though I was born in 1952, after we had been made two nations, Bapuji taught me to consider us as brothers. Even during the freedom movement, when all of us considered the British as our common enemy, Bapuji taught us to hate only the evil in their domination and not the British people.
Q.1 Which may be the ‘two nations’ as used in the passage?
(1) India – Pakistan
(2) China and Tibet
(3) East and West Germany
(4) Not clear from the passage
Q.2 According to the passage, author was born
(1) before the partition of the two nations
(2) after the partition of the two nations
(3) on the day partition was occured
(4) Not clear from the passage
Q.3 Bapuji suggested that they should consider
(1) people of both the sides as brothers
(2) people of both the sides as enemy
(3) people of both the sides unconcerned
(4) None of these
Q.4 In Bapuji’s opinion, we should hate
(1) the Englishmen
(2) the foreigners
(3) the evils of the English administration
(4) None of these
Q.5 The phrase ‘we considered the British as our common enemy’ tells that
(1) there was agreement in though
(2) disbelief was the main cause of partition
(3) there was not always an agreement over the issue
(4) None of these
Life in the South African police is so dangerous that even the force’s dogs need protection , say public donors who fitted out six canine stalwarts in bullet proof vests . The jackets are tough enough to turn knives and stop small arms rounds .Police in Kwazulu Natal province acquired the canine jackets after two dogs were stabbed trying to catch a thief . South Africa’s high levels of violent crime make life dangerous for police officers , let alone their dogs who are frequently shot , stabbed , or beaten by the criminals they are chasing
Q.1 Police dogs have miserable life in South Africa because
(1) they are shot by the criminals
(2) they are stabbed by the criminals
(3) they are beaten by the criminals
(4) All of the above
Q.2 The jackets used for protection is not useful in
(1) protecting from stabbing
(2) protecting from small bullets
(3) protecting from granades
(4) protecting from razors
Q.3 What do you mean by the phrase fitted out as used in the passage?
(1) Equipped with
(2) Provided that
(3) Deprived of
(4) Denied with
Q.4 Canines are related to
(1) policemen (2) dogs
(3) arms (4) policemen equipped with arms
Q.5 Dogs are harmed mainly during-
(1) morning hours (2) their sleep
(3) march past (4) the chase of thieves
India is a land of festivals. Seventy percent of India’s population lives in villages, and a vast majority solely depends on agriculture. As a result most of the festivals are related to the agricultural activities of the people. Pongal is one such festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, every year after the harvest season in mid January. Farmers get ready to thank god, earth and their cattle for the wonderful harvest and celebrate the occasion with joyous festivales and rituals. Pongal is also celebrated in the North Eastern states of Assam as Bhogali Bihu, the worship of Agni the fire god. It is celebrated as Lohri in Punjab, Bhogi in Andhra Pradesh, Makar Sankranti in Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Bengal. To mark the harvest season, Baisakhi an important festival in Punjab is celebrated in April.
Q.1Percentage of Indian population indulge in agricultural activities is
(1) seventy percent
(2) more than seventy percent
(3) less than seventy percent
(4) Can’t be inferred from the passage
Q.2Most of the Indian festivals are related to
(3) nice vegetables
(4) agricultural activities
Q.3 Bhogali Bihu is
(1) a Pongal – type festival
(2) not similar to Pongal
(3) similar to Deepawali
(4) similar to Id
Q.4 Baisakhi is celebrated in
(1) January (2) February
3) April (4) December
Q.5 Which of the following festival covers the highest number of population?
(1) Bhogali Bihu (2) Lohri
3) Pongal (4) Makar Sankranthi
When the legendary Satyajit Ray died a few years back, some people were worried. He was known for his films, but unknown to most people he left behind a huge repository of sketches, notes and manuscripts in his house. What was to happen to his treasure that art collectors, students of cinema, his fans, researchers and countless others said was simply priceless? Ray happened to be not just a film – maker, but also a graphic artist, a musician and a writer of short stories. Ray was also an inveterate doodler and thus left behind many of his innermost thoughts in the form of doodles, among other things.
Q.1 According to the passage, Satyajit Ray was related mainly to
(1) films (2) theater
(3) paintings (4) poetry
Q.2 Which of the following Satyajit Ray couldn’t be?
(1) Painter (2) Short stories writer
(3) Graphic Artist (4) A player
Q.3 Why are the people worried by the death of Satyajit Ray?
(1) Because he was the lone personality in his field who had international stature
(2) It was due to his apprehensions that his half done work would be spoiled
(3) Because he was making a film on which many crores were at stake and it was half done
(4) None of these
Q.4 Who called Ray’s work priceless?
(1) People from all walks of life
(2) Film researchers
(3) Students of cinema
(4) All of them
Q.5 A person who draws random lines an papers while thinking somewhere else is called
(1) Sketcher (2) Repositor
(3) Graphic artist (4) Doodler
Long, long ago people believed that ringing bells would bring down rain or destroy storm clouds. They also rang bells to drive away demons, for invoking curses or for lefting spells. Bells were believed to keep a building safe. Then people learned to associate bells with religion. The Chinese rang bells to communicate with departed souls. Othodox Russians rang bells to honor the deity. The Roman Catholics con – sidered bells to the symbol of paradise. Some felt bells symbolized the voice of God.
Q.1 The Chinese ring bell
(1) to worship Lord Buddha
(2) to associate with religion
(3) to communicate with those who have died
(4) None of these
Q.2 Orthodox Russians ring bell
(1) to honor the Lord
(2) to communicate with departed soul
(3) to show love and affection with someone
(4) None of these
Q.3 For Roman Catholic, the bell symbolises
(1) a fool (2) heaven
(3) deity (4) None of these
Q.4Ancient people believed that ringing bell
(1) would cause rain
(2) will destroy storm clouds
(4) None of these
Q.5 Bells were believed to be associated with religion. Which of the following faith actually transformed into it?
(1) Bells chase demons
(2) Bells destroy storms
(3) Bells communicate with departed soul
(4) Bells cause safety to a building
Cacti are desert loving plants. The term ‘cactus’ comes from the Latin word for thistle. The cactus has a stem with branches. Where are its leaves? The prickles on the stem are special leaves adapted to survive the dry conditions. The evolution of the cacti is fascinating, and the result is the manifestation of natural selection and speciation processes, which have given us a marvelous arrary of xerophytes. Cacti are practically without leaves although there are exceptions.
Q.1 The prickles on the cactus surface are basically
(1) stem (2) special leaves
(3) roots (4) modified roots
Q.2 What is the use of these prickles?
(1) It protects the plants from those who try to pluck it
(2) It gives necessary protein to the plant
(3) It is of no use except giving it beauty
(4) It helps the plant to survive dry conditions
Q.3 What are xerophytes?
(1) They mean cactus
(2) It constitutes a combination of stem and root which is essential for stability of the plant
(3) Plants generated by gene – therapy
(4) A group of plants germinate in the area having dry condition
Q.4 Cacti has
(2) no leave, at all
(3) leaves only in a few varieties
(4) None of these
Q.5 What do you mean by the word Manifestation ‘as used in the passage?
(1) Demonstration (2) Frustration
(3) Rationalisation (4) Retardation
Tokyo may not be sitting on Mount Fujiyama, the dormant yet live volcano, but Japan’s Capital city of 12 million men, women and children is surely perched atop a mass of earth, which can shiver and shake any time. Tokyo waits, each day, for an earth quake to strike. It will certainly happen, say experts. And, it will be severe. Though, it may not be as devastating as the Great Kanto Earthquake – which destroyed much to Tokyo on September 1, 1923 killing 1,40,000 people.
Q.1 Mount Fujiyama is a / an
(1) active volcano
(2) passive volcano which may be active any day
(3) completely passive volcano
(4) None of these
Q.2 Population of ‘Tokyo’ is
(1) one lakh & twenty thousand
(2) twelve lakh
(3) one crore & twenty lakh
(4) None of these
Q.3 The possible earthquake in Tokyo would be of
(1) high intensity
(2) low intensity
(3) low intensity but for a longer period
(4) None of these
Q.4 Which of the following is true in the context of the passage
(1) Tokyo has never been devastated due to earthquake
(2) Tokyo has been devasted earlier due to earthquake
(3) Tokyo is always shaking at low intensity due to earthquake
(4) None of these
Q.5 It is a belief that Tokyo will be devastated because
(1) it has happened earlier
(2) it is a guess of an astronomer
(3) experts have expressed so l
(4) it is on the top of Mount Kanto
Where do most flowers grow? In the shoot of a plant, of course. And where do the fruits grow? Where the flowers bloomed of course, of course! But the groundnut flowers appear in bunches above the soil, and the fruits grow below the soil! After the flowers are fertilized, the developing pods and the seeds they produce are pushed down into the soil by an attachment called a peg. They stay underground for four to five months and then farmers dig out the peanuts.
Q.1 Generally flowers grow in
(1) roots 12 (2) shoots
(3) fruits (4) None of these
Q.2. Why are groundnuts different from many others?
(1) Because it grows in water
(2) Because it grows on branches
(3) Because it grows underground
(4) None of these
Q.3 The seeds are put down the soil by
(1) Pods (2) Peg
(3) Peanuts (4) All of the above
Q.4 The time for the fruits to grow after being pegged is
(1) one year (2) six months
(3) two months (4) four to five months passage is
Q.5 The purpose of writing this passage is
(1) to teach something about gradening
(2) to differentiate between the growing patterns
(3) to highlight the peculiar growing pattern of Peanuts
(4) None of these
Computers can take in and process certain kinds of information much faster than we can. They can swirl that data around in their “brains,” made of processors, and perform calculations to create multiple scenarios at superhuman speeds. For example, the best chess-trained computers can at this point strategize many moves ahead, problem-solving far more deftly than can the best chess-playing humans. Computers learn much more quickly, too, narrowing complex choices to the most optimal ones. Yes, humans also learn from mistakes, but when it comes to tackling the kinds of puzzles computers excel at, we’re far more fallible.Computers enjoy other advantages over people. They have better memories, so they can be fed a large amount of information, and can tap into all of it almost instantaneously. Computers don’t require sleep the way humans do,so they can calculate, analyze and perform tasks tirelessly and round the clock.
Que.1 What can the best chess-trained computers do?
1. Play chess with other computers
2. Teach normal computers how to play chess
3. Strategize many moves ahead and solve problems
4. None of these
Que. 2 What are the advantages of computers over humans?
1. They have better memories
2. They don’t require sleep to function properly
3. Both 1 and 2
4. None of these
Que. 3 What is the meaning of the word ‘quickly’?
1. At a slow speed
2. At a fast speed
3. At average speed
4. None of these
Que. 4 Give the synonym of the word given below.
Personally I dislike the praise of poverty and suffering. I do not think they are at all desirable, and they ought to be abolished. Nor do I appreciate the ascetic life as a social ideal though it may suit individuals. I understand and appreciate simplicity, equality, self- control but not the torturing of the body, I believe that the mind and habits have also to be trained and brought under control. It would be absurd to expect that a person who is given too much self-love can endure much suffering or show unusual self-control or behave like a hero when crisis comes. To be in good moral condition requires as much training to be in physical health.
Q.1. The writer does not like the praise of poverty. It is:
(A) Personal opinion
(B) Opinion of the all people
(C) Opinion of the ascetics
(D) Opinion of the simple people
Q.2. To whom the ascetic life may be suitable?
(A) To the writer
(B) To the socially advanced
(C) To individuals
(D) To all the members of society
Q.3. What does the author mean by ‘ascetic life’ in the passage?
(D) Mortification of the body
Q.4. Which of the following words could replace the word ‘absurd’ as used in the passage?
It was once said that “Judging a person doesn’t define who they are…it defines who you are.” Unfortunately, we all fall into the category of judging other people at some point in our lives. We have also been affected at various times by the ways that other people have judged us. We all need to be more aware of “rushing to judgment” and remember to first understand the real situation and/or the other person’s intent before making a conclusion.
One day, a lovely little girl was holding two apples with both hands. Her mom came in the room and softly asked her little daughter with a smile, “My sweetie, could you give your mom one of your two apples?” The girl looked up at her mom for some seconds; then she suddenly took a quick bite on one apple, and then quickly on the other.
The mom felt the smile on her face freeze. She tried hard not to reveal her disappointment. Then the little girl handed one of her bitten apples to her mom, and said, “Here you go, mommy. This is the sweeter one.” Her mother realized the blunder she had made and embraced her with open arms.
Q. 1 What is the antonym of the word ‘reveal?
1. Expose 2. Show
3. Exhibit 4. Hide
Q. 2 What did the girl do after she tasted both the apples?
1. She threw the apples down on the ground.
2. She handed both the apples to her mother.
3. She handed one of the bitten apples to her mother.
4. She left the room and never talked to her mother ever again
Q. 3 What is the meaning of the word ‘blunder’?
4. None of these
Q. 4 What do we need to be more aware of?
1. Rushing to judgment
2. Staying in shape
3. How to cook fish
4. None of these
There was a flight of crows in a thick forest. One day, they saw a few peacocks dancing there. One of the crows felt very jealous. He was not contented with what he had. He wanted to be as beautiful as the peacocks. He said to himself, “How beautiful they look! What lovely feathers they have! If I were a peacock, I would also have looked so beautiful.” He soon had an idea. “Every day, I’ll watch these peacocks dance and when ever any of their feathers fall, I will pick them up and keep them. When I have enough, I’ll stick them on my tail and…….hurrah……I’ll become as beautiful as a peacock!” The grumpy crow left his friends and followed the peacocks wherever they went. He picked up each and every feather they dropped and kept them. One day he thought he had collected enough feathers. He stuck them inside his own feathers and danced with joy. Next day, the grumpy crow went in search of the peacocks. He quietly crept close to them and pretended to sleep. Soon, the peacocks got ready to dance. He also joined them in the dance and sang along with them. The peacocks soon realized that he was not one of them. Suddenly all of them stopped dancing and said, “Why do you want to act like a peacock?” The crow said, “You are so beautiful. I also want to look like you”. The Peacocks said, “All of us have some good qualities. You may not look good, but you have an intelligent brain which we don’t have. So be satisfied with what you are.” The grumpy crow went home to join his friends. The oldest and the wisest crow said to him, “Son, you have learnt your lesson. You may not beas the beautiful as a peacock or as strong as a lion, but everyone loves you just as you are. So, just be yourself .”
Ques.1 Why was the crow jealous of the peacocks?
1. He was not contented with what he had
2. He wanted to be as beautiful as the peacocks
3. He wanted to have their colourful feathers
4. All of these
Que. 2 What is the meaning of the word ‘grumpy’?
1. Honest 2. Glorious
3. Irritable 4. Sick
Que. 3 What advice did the peacock give to the crow?
1. Become as strong as a lion
2. Be satisfied with what you are
3. Never lie to your seniors
4. Drink some water before going to sleep
Que. 4 What can be the theme of the passage?
1. Never wear feathers in your life
2. Pride makes you weak
3. Be yourself
4. None of these
In 776 BC the First Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honour the Greek’s chief God, Zeus. The Greeks emphasised, physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore contests in running, boxing,jumping, discus and javelin throwing, horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly honoured by having poems sung about their deeds. Originally these were held as games of friendship and any wars in progress were helted to allow the games to take place. The Greeks attached so much importantance to these games that they calculated time in four year cycles called ‘Olympiads’ dating from 776BC.
1. Where were the First Olympic Games held? At the foot of
(a) Mount of Olympus.
(b) Mount Olympiad.
(c) Mount Orels.
(d) Mound of Greeks.
2. Why were the Olympic Games hald?
(a) To stop wars.
(b) To crown the best athletes.
(c) To honour Zeus.
(d) To sing songs about athletes.
3. Approximately how many years ago did these games originate?
(a) 776 years.
(b) 2279 years.
(c) 1207 years.
(d) 2786 years.
4. Which of the following contest was not held?
(a) Discus throwing.
5. The values connected with Olympic Games were :
(a) physical fitness, education of youth and frindship.
(b) health contests and singing.
(c) running, jumping, throwing and boxing.
(d) four-year cycles, war-time, young age and friendship
Once while travelling by the local bus. I got a seat beside a very strange man. He seemed interested in very passenger aboard. He would stare at a person, scribble some odd
mathematical notations on his long notebook and then move on to the next. Being quite interested in what he was doing, I asked him what all those notations meant and then came the startling reply. He saw a man’s face not as a single unit but as thousand of squares put together. He was in fact a statistical expert and a budding artist learning the art of graphics.
1. The man was scribbling down :
(a) the figures of co-passengers.
(b) the details of thousands of squares put together.
(c) some mathematical formulae and calculations.
(d) some mathematical signs.
2. The man caught author’s attention because :
(a) he was sitting next to him.
(b) he was staring at every person in the bus.
(c) he would stare at every person and then scribble down some mathematical notation.
(d) he was a budaing artist learning the art of graphics.
3. The author found that man’s reply quite startling because
(a) a statistical expert cannot be a budding scientist.
(b) a budding artist connot be a statistical expert.
(c) graphics is still a rare art form and he was learning it while travelling in a bus.
(d) the fact that ‘’a man’s face can be analysed as thousands of squares’’ was a strange concept.
4. From the passage we gather that :
(a) the author is very inquisitive.
(b) the author tries to poke his nose in other people’s business.
(c) the author is interested in mathematical notations.
(d) the author wants to talk to fellow passengers in the bus
The unpleasant feeling passed and she glanced guardedly up at him. He was walking unmarked in moonlight, innocent of her reaction to him. She felt that this thought had come to her before and there might be more to him than she had imagined. She felt ashamed she had never thanked him for the help he had given to her father.
1. She glanced at him when.
(a) he walked alone had unnoticed in moonlight.
(b) she was sure that she was not being noticed
(c) her reactions did not have any effect on him.
(d) the unpleasant feeling passed.
2. Her unpleasant feeling passed when :
(a) he did not take any notice of her.
(b) the moonlight was beautiful.
(c) she realized her sense of shame.
(d) she looked carefully at him.
3. She was ashamed because :
(a) she was spying on him.
(b) there was more to im than she had imagined.
(c) a recurring thought came back to her.
(d) she had never thanked him for his help to her father
A recent investigation by scientists at the USA Geological Survey shows that strange animal behavior might help predict future earthquakes. Investigators found such occurrences in a ten kilometer radius of the epicenter of a fairly recent quake. Some birds screeched and flew about wildly, dogs yelped and ran uncontrollably. Scientists believe that animals can perceive these environmental changes as early as several days before the mishap. In 1976, after observing the animal behavior, the Chinese were able to predict a devastating quake. Although hundreds of thousands of people were killed, the government was able to evacuate millions of others and thus keep the death toll at a lower level.
1. What prediction may be made by observing animal behaviour?
(a) An impending earthquake.
(b) The number of people who will die.
(c) The ten kilometre radius of epicentre.
(d) Ecological conditions.
2. Which of the following is not true?
(a) Some animals may be able to sense an approaching earthquake.
(b) By observing animals behaviour scientists perhaps can predict earthquakes.
(c) The Chinese failed to predict the earthquake.
(d) All birds and dogs in a ten kilometre range went wild before the quake.
3. In this passage the word ‘evacuate’ means
4. If scientists can accurately predict earthquakes therewill be
(a) fewer animals going crazy.
(b) a lower death rate.
(c) fewer people evacuated.
(d) fewer environmental changes.
5. How can animals perceive these changes when human beings cannot?
(a) Animals are smarter than human beings.
(b) Animals have certain instincts that human beings don’t possess.
(c) By running round the house, they can feel the vibrations.
(d) Human beings don’t know where to look
Once upon a time, I went for a week’s holiday in the Continent with an Indian friend. We both enjoyed ourselves and were sorry when the week was over, but on parting our behaviour was absolutely different. He was plunged in despair. He felt that because the holiday was over all happiness was over until the world ended. He could not express his sorrow too much. But in me, the Englishman came out strong. I could not see what there was to make a fuss about. It wasn’t as if we were parting forever or dying. ‘Buck up’, I said, “I said, ‘do buck up’. He refuse to buck up and I left him plunged in gloom.
1. What is the Continent in the context of the passage?
(a) An island.
(b) The countryside.
2. What does the author mean by ‘buck up’?
(a) Buckle yourself up.
(b) Stand up.
(c) Cheer up.
(d) Shut up.
3. Why was the Indian friend plunged in despair?
(a) He was hopeless.
(b) He experienced racial discrinination.
(c) He would never be so happy again.
(d) He had spent lot of money.
4. What does ‘But in me the Englishman came out strong’imply?
(a) He was a strong Englishman.
(b) He had the typical English character.
(c) The Englishman went out of him.
(d) He started following Indian traditions.
5. What is the author’s intention in the passage?
(a) To compare the Indian character with the English character.
(b) To show that an Indian is sorrowful.
(c) To ridicule the Indian traditions.
(d) To praise the Englishman.
A 23 year old British woman was yesterday sentenced to six months in jail for leaving her two year-old daughter home alone eight hours a day, five days a week for a year while she went to work. The young mother from the central town of Warwick initially hired a babysitter, when she landed a job in travel agency but eventually reached the point when she could no longer afford the facility, prosecutors said. The woman then started leaving the child home by herself, providing it with food and toys and removing all potentially dangerous objects from its reach. At first the mother came home at lunch time but had to stop because her daughter threw tantrums every time she left to go back to work. The mother, who was not identified, told the court, “If had money I would not have done it. It was a case of that or not keeping my job and living on benefit. “The judge, Mr. Harrison Hall, however said “Having had a child, the absolute priority is to look after it. There must be alternative to leaving a child alone all day, a thing you would not do even to a dog.”
1. The young mother had to work in the office
(a) 40 hours a week. (b) 8 hours a week.
(c) 48 hours a week. (d) all the seven days a week.
2. The word ‘Facility’ in sentence refers to
(a) her job in the travel agency.
(b) living in a well furnished apartment.
(c) getting adequate salary.
(d) employing someone to look after the child
3. The mother stopped coming home for lunch because
(a) her house was far away from the office.
(b) She was not able to control her angry baby.
(c) she had to work extra hours to earn more.
(d) She was not interested in looking after the baby.
4. The sentence “If I had money, I would not have done it”means
(a) I had money and so I did not leave the body alone.
(b) I had money and so I left the baby alone.
(c) I had no money and so I left the baby alone.
(d) I had no money and so I did not leave the baby alone.
5. Which one of the following statements about the judge Mr. Harrison Hall is correct?
(a) He can tolerate cruelty to children but not to animals.
(b) He can tolerate cruelty to animals but not to children.
(c) He can tolerate cruelty both to children and animals.
(d) He can tolerate cruelty neither to children nor to animals.
Journalism means several things. First of all, it means the ability to write and convey thoughts in a way that people willunderstand things quickly. It means being able to turn long articles into shape. It means knowing your grammar and composition rules inside out and upside down. It also means a nose for news and feel for words, respect for truth and a senseof mission. A journalist should be able to size up a situation on the spot. He should also develop a deep insight into human conditions. Nobody can teach you the finer aspects of journalism. No plastic surgeon can give you a nose for news.No teacher can give you a feel for words.
1. The passage is on.
(a) the journalists, surgeons and teachers.
(b) the merits of journalism.
(c) what journalism is about.
(d) the journalists’ feel for words.
2. A journalist should be thorough with.
(a) all the rules of writing.
(b) the news.
(c) grammar and composition.
(d) the insight into human conditions.
3. One of the main requirements for a journalist is to.
(a) edit articles. (b) have a good nose for news.
(c) exploit a situation. (d) exploit a situation.
4. The ethics of journalism is.
(a) respect for truth. (b) understanding people.
(c) understanding people. (d) search for news.
5. Which of the following statements is not true?
(a) A plastic surgeon can help a journalist.
(b) A teacher can hardly assist a journalist.
(c) Everyone cannot be a journalist.
(d) A journalist should be able to convey his thoughts to his readers.