Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 1 Set F
Please see below Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 1 Set F with solutions. We have provided Class 10 Social Science Sample Papers with solutions designed by Social Science teachers for Class 10 based on the latest examination pattern issued by CBSE. We have provided the following sample paper for Term 1 Class 10 Social Science with answers. You will be able to understand the type of questions which can come in the upcoming exams.
CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science Term 1 Set F
(Very Short Answer Questions)
1. Who had designed the ‘swaraj flag by 1921? Explain the main features of this ‘swaraj flag’
Answer : By 1921, Mahatma Gandhi had designed the ‘swaraj flag’.During the Swadeshi movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag(red, green and yellow) was designed. It had eight lotuses representing eight provinces of British India and a crescent moon, representing Hindus and Muslims. In 1921, it was again a tricolour (red, green and white) and had a shining wheel at the centre, representating the Gandhian ideal of self-help. Carrying the ‘swaraj flag’,holding it aloft, during marches became a symbol of defiance.
2. What are called cooperative sector industries? Give examples.
Answer : Cooperative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. Examples — the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coir industry in Kerala.
3. Write a short note on one-party system or single party system.
Answer : In some countries only one-party is allowed to control and run the government. These are called one party system.
For example, China has a single party—Communist Party. One-party system is not a good option because it is not a democratic option. In the countries having one party system, the liberty of the individual is lost because people are deprived of the right of electing representatives. There is one candidate in whose favour all the citizens have to vote. It cannot be called as elections in real sense.
4. In situations with high risks, credit might create further problems for the borrower. Explain.
Answer : At times repayment of the loan becomes difficult and credit instead of improving the earnings, pushes the borrower into a situation from which recovery is very difficult and painful. This situation is called debt-trap. Then the borrower is forced to give up his collateral or asset used as the guarantee to the lender.
5. Read the data in table given below and answer the questions that follow: (Image 7)
5.1 Why are railways the principal mode of transportation in India?
Answer : Railways are the principal mode of transportation because railways conduct multifarious activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances and transport freight and passengers to one place to another
5.2 How many kilometres of route are covered by railways?
Answer : The Indian Railway network runs or multiple gauge operations which extending over 68,442 km.
(Short Answer Type Questions) 3×3=9
6. What does credit mean? What are the terms of the credit?
Answer : Credit refers to an agreement in which lender supplies the borrowers with money, goods and services in return for the promise of future payments. Terms of credit includes the following:
(i) Interest rate
(iii) Documentation requirement
(iv) Mode of payment.
These terms of credit vary substantially from one credit arrangement to another. They may vary depending on the nature of lender and borrower. Every loan agreement specifies an interest rate which the borrower has to pay to the lender along with the repayment of the principal. In addition to this lenders may demand collateral (security) against the loans
Mention three limitations of the barter system.
Answer : The three limitations of the barter system are:
(i) Lack of double coincidence of wants. It means, both the parties have to agree to sell and buy each others’commodities.
(ii) Valuations of all the goods cannot be done easily.
(iii) There are certain products which cannot be divided.
7. How did the Non-Cooperation Movement spread in cities across the country?
Answer : (i) The movement started with middle class participations in the cities.
(ii) Thousands of students left government controlled schools and colleges and Headmasters and teachers resigned and lawyers gave up their legal practices.
(iii) The council elections were boycotted in most provinces, except Madras.
(iv) Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops were picketed, foreign clothes were burnt in bonfires.
8. What is a multi-party system? Why has India adopted a multi-party system? Explain.
Answer : If several parties compete for power, and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, we call it a multiparty system.
India, adopted multi-party system, because
(i) The social and geographical diversity in such a large country is not easily absorbed by two or even three parties.
(ii) This system allows a variety of interest and opinions to enjoy political representation.
(iii) Multi-parties have their own policies. They keep people informed about the political activity.
(Long Answer Type Questions)
9. What are the various characteristics of democracy?
(i) Democracy gives power to people to elect their government, control it and remove it from power. It allows people to choose their representatives through elections and ensures that all its citizens have a say in the functioning of the government.
(ii) There is no monopoly of power by a person or a party. Different political parties compete with each other in a democratic form of government. If the government does not fulfil its promises or fails to live up to the expectations of the people, then it is very likely that it will not get re-elected.
(iii) Democracy ensures that the rights of its people are protected by the state and the government functions according to the laws.
(iv) In a democratic set up, there is no distinction between people based on race, religion, caste, colour or birth.
Equal opportunities are provided to all – to be educated, to grow as good citizens and to earn their living.
(v) Criticism and feedback are two important mechanism of democracy to control the government. The government’s policies are scrutinised and evaluated by the people through the media and the opposition parties.
‘Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation’. Examine the statement.
Answer : Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation because:
(i) Democracy gives importance to deliberation and public opinion.
(ii) The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision.
(iii) Its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.
(iv) Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures.
(v) Transparency as Persons have the right and the means to examine the process of decision-making.
(vi) It follows procedures and is accountable to the people.
(vii) The democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable.
(viii) Democratic government follows mechanisms for citizens to take part in decision making whenever they think fit.
10. What are the factors that multinational companies take into account before setting up a factory in different countries?
Answer : Before setting up a company or a factory an MNC takes into account the following things:
(i) Availability of cheap labour and other resources: MNCs set up offices and factories for production in various regions of the world where cheap labour and other resources are available in order to earn greater profit. For example: MNC may spread its production activities to the following countries – USA for designing a product, China for manufacturing components etc. By doing so it is able to reduce the cost of production.
(ii) Partnership with local companies: MNCs set up partnership with local companies, by a closely competing with local companies or buying local companies for supply. As a result, production in these widely dispersed locations gets interlinked.
(iii) Favourable government policy: If the government policies are favourable it helps MNCs. For example flexibility of labour laws will reduce cost of production. MNCs are able to hire worker on casual and contractual wages for a short period instead of a regular basis. This reduces the cost of labour for the company and increases its margin of profit.
“Fair globalisation would create opportunities for all and also ensure that benefits of globalisation are shared better.” Support the statement.
Answer : Fair globalisation would create opportunities for all and also ensure that benefits of globalisation are shared better because:
(i) Government policies must protect the interests not only of the rich and powerful but of all the people in the country.
(ii) Government can ensure that labour laws are properly implemented and the workers get their rights.
(iii) Government can support small producers to improve their performance till they become strong enough to compete.
(iv) If necessary the government can use trade and investment barriers.
(v) It can negotiate at the WTO for fairer rules.
(vi) It can also align with other developing countries with similar interests to fight against the domination of developed countries in the WTO.
(Case Based Questions) 4×2=8
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
In earlier times, foreign travellers in India marvelled at the courage, truthfulness and modesty of the people of the Arya Vamsa, now they remark mainly on the absence of those qualities. In those days Hindus would set out on conquest and hoist their flags in Tartar, China and other countries; now a few soldiers from a tiny island far away are lording it over the land of India.’
11.1 Who discussed about foreign travellers and ‘Arya Vamsa’?
Answer : Taricharan Chattopadhyay.
11.2 Mention the qualities of ‘Arya Vamsa’ that were admired by the foreign travellers in earlier times.
Answer : The foreign travellers in earlier times admired the qualities like courage, truthfulness and modesty of the people of the ‘Arya Vamsa’.
11.3 How did folklore help in the spread of nationalism amongst the Indian? Explain.
Answer : In the late nineteenth-century India, nationalists began recording folk tales sung by bards and they toured villages to gather folk songs and legends. These tales, they believed, gave a true picture of traditional culture that had been corrupted by outside forces. It was essential to preserve this folk tradition in order to discover one’s national identity. In Bengal, Rabindranath Tagore led the movement for folk revival. In Madras, Natesa Sastri published a four-volume collection of Tamil Folk tales, The Folklore of Southern India.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
For a long time, trade and transport were restricted to a limited space. With the development in science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport expanded far and wide. Today, the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport. Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system. Therefore, transport, communication and trade are complementary to each other. Today, India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and sociocultural plurality. Railways, airways, waterways, newspapers, radio, television, cinema and internet, etc. have been contributing to its socioeconomic progress in many ways. The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of its economy. It has enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.
12.1 What do you mean by the term Global village?
Answer : Due to the development in transport and communication there is more interconnectedness and thus the world has shrank. This idea is referred to as global village.
12.2 Infer the importance of transport and communication.
Answer : Development in transport helped in the movement of people and goods from the supply locations to the demand locations. The development in communication has made the access easier and the whole world is now just a click away.
12.3 How has transport and communication enriched our life?
Answer : With the development in transport and communication the area of influence of trade has expanded far and wide. It helped in interlinking of the world. It has contributed in the socio-economic progress. This has enabled the process of globalisation. Now producers are reaching beyond their domestic market resulting in better quality of goods with great variety at cheaper price to the consumers.
(Map Skill Based Question)
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place associated with the movement of Indigo Planters.
13.2 On the same map of India, locate the following:
I. Naraura Nuclear Power Plant
Surat – Cotton Textile Industry
II. Deendayal Port (Kandla) – Major Port