History of English Language and Phonetics MCQS
Question. The Latin influence in Old English period was mainly due to:
(a) The Renaissance
(b) The Norman Conquest
(c) Roman occupation
(d) All of the above
Question. The Norman Conquest of England began with the rule of:
(a) Alfred the Great
(b) William of Normandy
(c) Edward the Confessor
(d) Richard the Lionheart
Question. Which of the four dialects became the most dominant in the Old English period?
Question. The modern day ‘sister’ comes from _________
(a) Old English ‘sweostor’
(b) Norse ‘syster’
(c) Norse ‘ storr’
(d) The Sanskrit ‘sita’
Question. Anglo-Saxon is otherwise called as
(a) New English
(b) British English
(c) Old English
(d) Middle English
Question. In the year __________, English replaced French as the language of the law courts.
Question. ‘Kindergarten’ is an English loan word from which language?
Question. The Romance languages which English adopted came from which language family
Question. The word ‘box’ is an example of:
(d) Association of ideas
Question. The real meaning of the word ‘traffic’ is:
Question. The term ‘idiom’ derived from Greek, means _______
(a) Standing apart on its own
(b) The words of the wise
(c) Having a great idea
(d) A state of being
Question. Euphemism refers to –
(a) Political Correctness
(b) A figure of speech designed to conceal something repugnant or unpleasant
(c) Usage of a double metaphor
(d) Joining two words together to form a new word
Question. Which famous English poet is deeply involved in the movement towards a ‘purer’ English?
(a) Matthew Arnold
(b) John Keats
(c) Lord Alfred Tennyson
(d) Samuel Johnson
Question. The word ‘exam’ is an example of the growth of vocabulary by –
Question. Which of the following word is a Portmanteau word?
Question. The academic word ‘radius’ has been incorporated into the English language from –
Question. Homonyms are
(a) Words which are spelt and pronounced the same but which differ in meaning.
(b) Words with a religious or political significance
(c) Words which undergo a change in meaning through specialisation
(d) Metaphorical expressions in English vocabulary.
Question. The word ‘bungalow’ is of ________ origin.
Question. The American influence upon British English was seen most after:
(a) World War I
(b) World War II
(c) The Vietnam War
(d) The Gulf War
Question. The vocal cords are held wide apart when producing
(a) Voiceless sounds
(b) Voiced sounds
(c) Nasal sounds
(d) Nasalized sounds
Question. The correct placement of stress in the words conduct (N), conduct (V) and conflict (N), conflict (V) are
(a) ‘conduct (N), con’duct (V) and ‘conflict (N), con’flict (V)
(b) con’duct (N), ‘conduct (V) and con’flict (N), ‘conflict (V)
(c) con’duct (N), con’duct (V) and ‘conflict (N), con’flict (V)
(d) none of the above
Question. The phonemic transcriptions of ‘colour’, ‘water’ and ‘singer’ are
(a) / kΛlə /, / wɔ:tə /, / sɪŋə /
(b) / kɑlə /, / wɔ:tə /, /si: ŋə /
(c) / kΛlər /, / wɔ:ta: /, / ʃɪŋə /
(d) / kɑlər /, / wa:tə /, / sɪŋə /
Question. A vowel which remains constant and does not glide is called a _____
(c) pure vowel
Question. ___________ are located on the right hand side of each vowel pair of the IPA vowel Quadrilateral.
(a) Unrounded vowels
(b) Rounded vowels
Question. The word subject with a stress on the first syllable is a/an
Question. Phonemic transcription is also called
(a) narrow transcription
(b) broad transcription
(c) simple transcription
(d) close transcription
Question. Which of these terms refers to the study of speech sounds of a given language and their function within the sound system of that language?
Question. /n/ is a
(a) voiced bilabial nasal consonant
(b) voiced velar nasal consonant
(c) voiced alveolar nasal consonant
(d) voiced post-alveolar nasal consonant
Question. ______________ are sounds in which there are no obstruction to the flow of air as it passes from the larynx to the lips.
Question. The descriptive label for the consonant [z] is
(a) voiced alveolar fricative
(b) voiced dental fricative
(c) voiceless alveolar fricative
(d) voiceless dental fricative
Question. Voiced sounds are produced when the
(a) soft palate vibrate
(b) hard palate vibrate
(c) vocal cord vibrate
(d) teeth- ridge vibrate
Question. The syllable structure of the word ‘hat’ and ‘letter’ are
(a) CVC and CVCV
(b) CV and VCVC
(c) CVC and CVCVV
(d) VCC and CVVC
Question. The consonant cluster in the word ‘place’ is
Question. If a syllable ends with a consonant, it is called
(a) a closed syllable
(b) an open syllable
(c) a syllable
(d) None of the above
Question. A single vowel in isolation is called
(a) pre-initial syllable
(b) initial syllable
(c) minimum syllable
(d) open syllable
Question. How many consonants are there in the final consonant cluster of the word ‘texts’?
Question. We require _______ for the articulation of any vowel sound.
Question. The English word ‘opportunity’ is an example of a _________________ word.
Question. The nucleus of a syllable is
(a) The consonant
(b) The vowel
(c) The diphthong
(d) The semi- vowel
Question. A diphthong is a term for
(a) A vowel sound created by two vowels working together
(b) A vowel sound in its pure form
(c) A consonant sound supplemented by a vowel sound
(d) A vowel sound supplemented by a consonant sound
Question. In the vowel sounds, how many pure vowels are there?
Question. Which of the following words is monosyllabic in nature?
Question. Articulation by the tip of the tongue against the back of the teeth ridge is called
Question. The Soft Palate is the roof of the mouth and has
(a) two parts
(b) three parts
(c) four parts
(d) five parts
Question. When the glottis is in vibration it produced
(a) nasal sound
(b) voiceless sound
(c) voiced sounds
(d) oral sound
Question. Which of the following consonants is a lateral consonant?
Question. Name the active articulator for the production of dental consonants.
(a) Tip of the tongue
(b) Hard Palate
(c) Lower Teeth
(d) Upper teeth
Question. The active articulators are the lower lip and the
(d) upper teeth
Question. The study of the historical evolution of the meaning of words is called
Question. The modern grammatical system had come into existence by the end of the ____ century.
Question. The Norman Conquest of England was in the year
Question. Which theory of language origin is developed by Wilhelm Wundt and Sir Richard Paget?
(a) The pooh-pooh theory
(b) The gesture theory
(c) The ding-dong theory
Question. The ________ theory suggests that speech originates from man’s attempt to imitate the characteristic sound of the creature/object he is referring to
(a) Bow-wow theory
(b) Ding-dong theory
(c) Pooh-pooh theory
(d) Gesture theory
Question. After the Norman Conquest, which language became the language of courts and government?
(b) Old English
Question. Who was the famous Old English writer who wrote Canterbury Tales?
(a) John Lydgate
(b) John Wyclif
(c) Geoffrey Chaucer
(d) John Babour
Question. What was said to be the theory that came from automatic human responses to pain, fear, surprise, laugh etc
(a) Ding-dong Theory
(b) Pooh-Pooh Theory
(c) The Ta-ta Theory
(d) Bow-wow Theory
Question. Romance languages are languages that are derived from
Question. A word which is formed in imitation of the sound it makes is called
Question. The ancient method of word formation, which can be found in almost any language is:
(b) Corruption and misunderstanding
(d) Addition of prefixes and suffixes
Question. The Roman settlement in England brought with it what religion that continued to have long influence on the English language?
Question. Which of the following word is an example of imitation/onomatopoeia?
Question. The formation of the word ‘lunch’ from the words ‘lump and hump’ is an example of –
(b) Portmanteau Words
(c) Addition of Prefix/Suffix
Question. Which of these words is based on the phenomena, ‘Onomatopoeia’?
Fill in the blanks:
Question. Tyndale translated the Bible into English language in the year __________.
Question. William the Conqueror defeats Harold at the battle of Hastings in the year _______.
Question. A very important outcome of the Reformation was the various English translations of the ________.
Question. Words like bang, pop, buzz, click, whizz, hiss, etc. have ________ element.
Question. The chief developments in language from the Restoration onwards have been in the direction of the _________ of vocabulary and __________ in meanings of words.
Question. The teeth ridge is also called the _______.
Question. The opening between the vocal cords is _______.
Question. ____ articulated by the two lips.
Question. The tongue is a/an _____________ articulator.
Question. ____ is a vowel glide with a consonantal function.
Question. The vowels which are most familiar to the speakers of most European languages are called _____________.
primary cardinal vowels
Question. ____________ is a linguistic term, simply meaning a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.
Question. The vowel sound in bit is_________.
Question. A _________ is a vowel-glide functioning as a consonant.
Question. __________ is the name given to the process, seen most clearly in the principal part of verbs, which by vowel sounds undergo a change according to whether they occur in a stressed or unstressed syllable.
Question. The term for words which have been adopted from foreign languages is _________.
Question. The Schwa / ə / can only occur in ___________________ syllable.
Question. The syllable on which there is a pitch change is said to have the ______________ accent.
Question. The word ‘smash’ is an example of the phenomena __________.
Question. A consonant at the beginning of a syllable is called _______.
Question. Vowel sounds that are produced with a great amount of muscular tension are called ______ vowels.
Question. The voiceless and comparatively strong plosive sounds / p /, / t /, and / k / are called______________.
Question. The ________ is situated below the lungs and controls the expansion and contraction of the lungs in breathing.
Question. Consonants that are articulated with the stricture of open approximation are called ___________.
Question. The descriptive label for the consonant [p] is _______________.
voiceless bilabial plosive
Question. Words which have been adopted from foreign tongues are called ___________ words.
Question. ‘Philosophy’ is a word derived from __________ language.
Question. ________________ words are made of two or occasionally more independent English words.
Question. A word ceases to be _________ when it becomes ‘good English’.
Question. The most important dialect used in the Old English period is ______.
Question. The Bow – Wow Theory was coined by a philologist named ___________.
Question. It is believed that the original Indo- European has split up into _____ distinct language groups.