Post Maurya Period History UPSC MCQs
Question. One of the main reasons for the rise of heterodox sects was
(a) the introduction of a new agricultural economy based on iron ploughshare
(b) the new teachers gave importance to meditation
(c) the new teachers preached equality of all under the guidance of the kshatriyas
(d) the importance given Brahmanical rituals
Question. The bride-price or arsa-vivaha mentioned in the Arthasastra consisted of
(a) three cows or the equivalent in value
(b) two cows or the equivalent in value
(c) jewelry consisting of gold and silver
(d) none of the above
Question. Who was the founder of the Mauryan Empire?
(c) Chandragupta Maurya
Question. The four ashramas are
(a) brahmachrya, shudra, vanaprastha and sannyasa
(b) brahmachrya, grihasta, vanaprastha and sannyasa
(c) brahmachrya, grihasta, pashu and sannyasa
(d) brahmachrya, grihasta, vanaprastha and stri-dhana
Question. Dhamma is
(a) a principle of righteousness
(b) a religious sect
(c) the universal law of righteousness
(d) social code of conduct
Question. Which of the following is not true about sabha and samiti?
(a) among tribes which had no elected chief, these assemblies exercised the function of governance and authority
(b) they acted as check on the chief’s authority
(c) in later Vedic times they lost importance while royal power increased
(d) women were permitted to sit and preside over the meetings
Question. A major concern of Upanishadic thought is to explore and explain the meaning and relationship between
(a) brahman and samsara
(b) atman and moksha
(c) brahman and atman
(d) samsara and moksha
Question. The core of Buddha’s doctrine is
(a) Four Noble Truth
(b) Eightfold Path
(d) three Universal truth
Question. Bimbisara strengthened Magadha’s position
(a) by having an able commander for his army
(b) because he had a strong navy
(c) because he was cruel and people were afraid of him
(d) by making a number of matrimonial alliances with other ruling families
Question. The language that was mostly used to propagate Buddhism was
Question. Fire is listed as the
(a) 1st of the national calamities
(b) 2nd of the national calamities
(c) 3rd of the national calamities
(d) 4th of the national calamities
Question. Rock-cut architecture was first found in
(a) the Mauryan period
(b) the post-Mauryan period
(c) the Sangam period
(d) the Gupta period
Question. Mahavira means
(a) the brave heart
(b) the enlightened one
(c) the wise man
(d) the great hero
Question. For the Jaina monks and nuns, there are
(a) three great vows
(b) five great vows
(c) six great vows
(d) seven great vows
Question. Which of the following was not the common feature of Buddhism and Jainism?
(a) Both denied the authority of the Vedas
(b) Both preached against the practice of sacrifice
(c) Both condemned the varna system
(d) Both recognized that the world is full of sorrow and salvation is possible through the chain of birth and death
Question. The most important leader of the Ajivikas was
(a) Purana Kassapa
(b) Makkhali Gosala
(c) Pakudha Kachchayana
Question. What are the two Sanskrit epics?
(a) the Mahabharata and Ramayana
(b) the Puranas and Dharmashastra
(c) the Vedas and Smritis
(d) the Aryankas and Upanishads
Question. The Tipitaka/Tripitaka was written in
Question. Alexander invaded India in
(a) 326 BCE
(b) 236 BCE
(c) 426 BCE
(d) 526 BCE
Question. Which statement on the Mauryan art and architecture is incorrect?
(a) The pillars of Ashoka bear a striking resemblance to those of Darius
(b) The polish of the pillars is unique
(c) The wording on pillars, particularly referring to the king, is the same as that of Darius
(d) They testimony of wood-cutter’s art being transformed into that of stone-cutter
Question. Which of the following statement is incorrect about the Mauryan women?
(a) The unchastity of Indian women is commented upon
(b) Wives prostitute themselves unless they are compelled to be chaste
(c) The state collected tax from prostitution
(d) Women remained faithful to their husbands throughout their marriage
Question. One of the results of Alexander’s invasion was
(a) the establishment of the Gandhara school of art
(b) the rise of Muslims in India
(c) the creation of a Seleucid principality along with several Greek settlements
(d) the establishment of Alexander as the new ruler of India
Question. Manu Smriti is a book of
Question. The heterodox sects were known as
Question. The four stages of man’s life is known as
Question. Which is the first Indian test to define a state?
(c) Manu Smriti
Question. Who is the author of Arthasastra?
Question. The Kushanas were
(a) descendance of Yueh-chi who ruled part of Central Asia and norther Indian subcontinent
(b) descendance of Huing-nu who ruled part of Central Asia and norther Indian subcontinent
(c) descendance of Timur who ruled part of Central Asia and norther Indian subcontinent
(d) one of the tribes of India who came to power after the fall of the Mauryas
Question. The Kushana Empire reached its zenith during
(b) Kanishka II
(d) Huvishka II
Question. According to Romila Thapar, the Mauryan State was
(a) highly centralized
(c) loose confederation
Question. The Mauryas had many firsts to their credits, but did not include
(a) centralized bureaucracy
(b) selection of officials on merit
(c) regulation and control of economy
(d) a large and efficient army
Question. Which of the following statement is not correct about the Buddhist sangha
(a) it was not open to pregnant women
(b) it was open to all mothers
(c) it was not open to mothers of unweaned children
(d) it was open to women who had the permission of their parents or husband
Question. According to the Jain beliefs Mahavira was the
(a) 1st Trithankara
(b) 23rd Trithankara
(c) 24th Trithankara
(d) 25th Trithankara
Question. Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne in
(a) 524 BCE
(b) 424/421 BCE
(c) 324/321 BCE
(d) 421 BCE
Question. The Ashokan inscriptions were written in
(a) Devanagari script
(b) Brahmi script
Question. Ghandhara school of art flourished during the age of
Question. The Indo-Greek king who was converted to Buddhism after his discussion with Nagasena was
Question. The Indian king who opposed Alexander was
(b) Chandragupta Maurya
Question. Alexander’s movement beyond the Beas was prevented by
(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) his soldiers
(c) the joint force of Indian rulers
Question. Ashoka adopted the title ‘devanampiya’ which means
(b) beloved of the gods
(c) father of his subjects
(d) above everyone
Question. An important aspect of Ashoka’s Dhamma is
Question. The form of wealth of the Rig Vedic people was
Question. During the early Vedic period, words like Panchalas or Kurus or Bharat referred to
(a) people or tribe
Question. Ashoka’s concept of dhamma-mahamatas found expression for the first time in the
(a) 2nd Rock Edict
(b) 3rd Rock Edict
(c) 4th Rock Edict
(d) 5th Rock Edict
Question. The Silk Route facilitated the first Buddhist missionaries to reach China during the
(a) 1st century BCE
(b) 1st century CE
(c) 2nd century CE
(d) 3rd century CE
Question. The Udayagiri and Khandagiri hills in Puri district, Orissa is the home of the oldest
(a) group of Hindu rock-cut caves
(b) group of Jaina rock-cut caves
(c) group of Buddhist rock-cut caves
(d) none of the above
Question. The Mauryan state brought new land under cultivation with the help of
(a) rich peasants
Question. The foreigners who extended into India in the 4th century BCE were the
Question. The most direct and apparent impact of Persian invasion in India was the introduction of
(a) kharosthi script
(b) brahmi script
(c) Roman script
(d) Latin script
Question. which factor might not have been responsible for the development of trade and commerce in the Mauryan period?
(a) Mauryan contact with Hellenistic kingdoms
(b) Roman demand for spices and other luxuries
(c) Popularity of Buddhism
(d) Mauryas built roads opening the sub-continent for trade
Fill in the blanks
Question. The central idea of Ajivika was that of __________.
Question. Aramaic was the official script of the ___________ empire.
Question. The ancient Indian texts that contain genealogies are called ___________.
Question. Greek ambassador to the court of Chandragupta Maurya was _______________.
Question. The author of Mudrarakshasa is ________________.
Question. The performance of Upanayana ceremony was considered a __________ birth in the Brahmanical religion.
Question. According to Jainism ____________ is the first vow for renunciants as well as the laity
Question. During the ruled of Shishunagas dynasty, the 2nd Buddhist Council was convened at ______________.
Question. ___________ sacrifice was the royal consecration ceremony.
Question. ____________ sacrifice was connected with the attainment of power and prosperity.
Question. The centre of northern province of Mauryan empire was ____________.
Question. The capital of Mauryan empire during Ashoka was _____________.
Question. Later Upanishads speaks of Brahman as of a ________.
Question. Magadha’s gradual rise to political supremacy began with ______________.
Question. The male god represented on a Harappan seal is referred to as _____________ seal.
Question. The Harappans carried out foreign trade with _________________ and areas around Persian Gulf.
Question. The _____________________ literally means great realms.
Question. Apart from the export of Indian goods to the Mediterranean, India also played an important role in the trade of ________.
Question. Indian and _____________ features coalesced in the Gandhara art.
Question. Gautam Buddha preached his first sermon at ______________.
Question. The ultimate goal of Buddha’s teaching was the attainment of ______________.
Question. There are ________ occupations which are approved for the Jainas
Question. The most famous ruler of the Kushanas was ______________.
Question. The most popular king of the Satavahanas was ____________________.
Question. Right belief, Right knowledge and Right conduct formed the ____________________ of Jainism.