# Motion in a Plane MCQ Class 11 Physics

Please refer to Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane MCQ Class 11 Physics with answers below. These multiple-choice questions have been prepared based on the latest NCERT book for Class 11 Physics. Students should refer to MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics with Answers to score more marks in Grade 11 Physics exams. Students should read the chapter Motion in a Plane and then attempt the following objective questions.

**MCQ Questions Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane**

The Motion in a Plane MCQ Class 11 Physics provided below covers all important topics given in this chapter. These MCQs will help you to properly prepare for exams.

**Question.** Identify the vector quantity among the following.

(a) Distance

(b) Angular momentum

(c) Heat

(d) Energy

**Answer**

B

**Question.****Six vectors, a→ through f→ have the magnitudes and directions indicated in the figure. Which of the following statements is true?**

(a) b^{→ }+ c** ^{→}** = f

^{→}(b) d

**+ c**

^{→}**= f**

_{→}

^{→}(c) d

**+ e**

^{→}**= f**

^{→}

^{→}(d) b

**+ e**

^{→}**= f**

^{→}

^{→}**Answer**

C

**Question.****If a unit vector is represented by 0.5 ^{^}i − 0.8^{^}j + c k^{^} then the value of c is**

(a) √0.01

(b) √0.11

(c) 1

(d) √0.39

**Answer**

C

**Question.** If the magnitude of sum of two vectors is equal to the magnitude of difference of the two vectors, the angle between these vectors is

(a) 45°

(b) 180°

(c) 0°

(d) 90°

**Answer**

D

**Question.** A particle moves along a circle of radius 20 (20/π)m with constant tangential acceleration. If the velocity of the particle is 80 m/s at the end of the second revolution after motion has begun, the tangential acceleration is

(a) 40 m/s^{2}

(b) 640π m/s^{2}

(c) 160π m/s^{2}

(d) 40π m/s^{2}

**Answer**

A

**Question.****Two particles having mass M and m are moving in a circular path having radius R and r. If their time period are same then the ratio of angular velocity will be**

(a) r/R

(b) R/r

(c) 1

(d) √R/r

**Answer**

C

**Question.****The position vector of a particle R ^{→} as a function of time is given by R^{→} = 4sin(2πt^{→})^{^}i+ 4 cos(2πt^{→})^{^}j where R is in meters, t is in seconds and ^{^}i and ^{^}j denote unit vectors along x-and y-directions, respectively. Which one of the following statements is wrong for the motion of particle?**

(a) Magnitude of the velocity of particle is 8 p meter/second.

(b) Path of the particle is a circle of radius 4 meter.

(c) Acceleration vector is along − R

^{→}.

(d) Magnitude of acceleration vector is v

^{2}/R, where v is the velocity of particle.

**Answer**

A

**Question.** A particle is moving such that its position coordinates (x, y) are (2 m, 3 m) at time t = 0, (6 m, 7 m) at time t = 2 s and (13 m, 14 m) at time t = 5 s. Average velocity vector (v^{→}_{av} ) from t = 0 to t = 5 s is

(a) 1/5 (13 i^{^}+14 ^{^}j)

(b) 7/3 (i^{^}+ ^{^}j)

(c) 2(i^+ ^j)

(d) 11/5 (i^{^}+ ^{^}j)

**Answer**

D

**Question.****A body is moving with velocity 30 m/s towards east. After 10 seconds its velocity becomes 40 m/s towards north. The average acceleration of the body is**

(a) 1 m/s^{2}

(b) 7 m/s^{2}

(c) √7 m/s^{2}

(d) 5 m/s^{2}

**Answer**

D

**Question.****The vectors A and B are such that |A ^{→}+ B^{→}| = |A^{→}− B^{→}| The angle between the two vectors is**

(a) 45°

(b) 90°

(c) 60°

(d) 75°

**Answer**

B

**Question.** If |A^{→} + B^{→}| = |A^{→} | + | B^{→} | then angle between A and B will be

(a) 90°

(b) 120°

(c) 0°

(d) 60°.

**Answer**

C

**Question.** A particle moves in x-y plane according to rule x = asinwt and y = acoswt. The particle follows

(a) an elliptical path

(b) a circular path

(c) a parabolic path

(d) a straight line path inclined equally to x and y-axes

**Answer**

B

**Question.****A particle has initial velocity ( 3 ^{^}i + 4 ^{^}j) and has acceleration ( 0.4 ^{^}i + 0.3 ^{^}j) Its speed after 10 s is**

(a) 7 units

(b) 7 √2units

(c) 8.5 units

(d) 10 units

**Answer**

B

**Question.****The magnitude of vectors A ^{→}, B^{→} and C^{→ }are 3, 4 and 5 units respectively. If A^{→} + B^{→} = C^{→} , the angle between A^{→} and B^{→} is**(a) π/2

(b) cos

^{–1}(0.6)

(c) tan

^{–1}(7/5)

(d) π/4.

**Answer**

A

**Question.****The x and y coordinates of the particle at any time are x = 5t – 2t ^{2} and y = 10t respectively, where x and y are in metres and t in seconds. The acceleration of the particle at t = 2 s is**

(a) 5 m s

^{–2}

(b) –4 m s

^{–2}

(c) –8 m s

^{–2}

(d) 0

**Answer**

B

**Question.** A particle starting from the origin (0, 0) moves in a straight line in the (x, y) plane. Its coordinates at a later time are ( √3, 3). The path of the particle makes with the x-axis an angle of

(a) 45°

(b) 60°

(c) 0°

(d) 30°.

**Answer**

B

**Question.** A bus is moving on a straight road towards north with a uniform speed of 50 km/hour then it turns left through 90°. If the speed remains unchanged after turning, the increase in the velocity of bus in the turning process is

(a) 70.7 km/hr along south-west direction

(b) zero

(c) 50 km/hr along west

(d) 70.7 km/hr along north-west direction

**Answer**

**Question.****A man is slipping on a frictionless inclined plane and a bag falls down from the same height. Then the velocity of both is related as** **(v _{m} = velocity of man and v_{B} = velocity of bag)**

(a) v

_{B}> v

_{m}

(b) v

_{B}< v

_{m}

(c) v

_{B}= v

_{m}

(d) v

_{B}and v

_{m}can’t be related.

**Answer**

C

**Question.****The speed of a swimmer in still water is 20 m/s. The speed of river water is 10 m/s and is flowing due east. If he is standing on the south bank and wishes to cross the river along the shortest path, the angle at which he should make his strokes w.r.t. north is, given by**

(a) 45° west

(b) 30° west

(c) 0°

(d) 60° west

**Answer**

B

**Question.****Two boys are standing at the ends A and B of a ground where AB = a. The boy at B starts running in a direction perpendicular to AB with velocity v _{1}. The boy at A starts running simultaneously with velocity v and catches the other in a time t, where t is**

**Answer**

D

**Question.** When an object is shot from the bottom of a long smooth inclined plane kept at an angle 60° with horizontal, it can travel a distance x_{1} along the plane. But when the inclination is decreased to 30° and the same object is shot with the same velocity, it can travel x_{2} distance. Then x_{1} : x_{2} will be

(a) 1: 2 √3

(b) 1: √2

(c) √2 :1

(d) 1: √3

**Answer**

D

**Question.** A particle has initial velocity (2^{^}i + 3^{^}j) and acceleration (0.3^{^}i + 0.2^{^}j). The magnitude of velocity after 10 seconds will be

(a) 9 √2units

(b) 5 √2units

(c) 5 units

(d) 9 units

**Answer**

B

**Question.****The width of river is 1 km. The velocity of boat is 5 km/hr. The boat covered the width of river in shortest time 15 min. Then the velocity of river stream is**

(a) 3 km/hr

(b) 4 km/hr

(c) √29 km/hr

(d) √41 km/hr

**Answer**

A

**Question.** The velocity of a projectile at the initial point A is (2 i^{^}+ 3 ^{^}j) m/s. Its velocity (in m/s) at point B is

(a) 2 i^{^}− 3 ^{^}j

(b) 2 i^{^}+ 3 ^{^}j

(c) −2 i^{^}− 3 ^{^}j

(d) −2 i^{^}+ 3 ^{^}j

**Answer**

A

**Question.** The horizontal range and the maximum height of a projectile are equal. The angle of projection of the projectile is

(a) θ = tan-1 (1/4)

(b) q = tan–1(4)

(c) q = tan–1(2)

(d) q = 45°

**Answer**

B

**Question.****A person aiming to reach exactly opposite point on the bank of a stream is swimming with a speed of 0.5 m/s at an angle of 120° with the direction of flow of water. The speed of water in the stream, is**

(a) 0.25 m/s

(b) 0.5 m/s

(c) 1.0 m/s

(d) 0.433 m/s

**Answer**

A

**Question.****Two particles A and B are connected by a rigid rod AB. The rod slides along perpendicular rails as shown here. The velocity of A to the left is 10 m/s. What is the velocity of B when angle a = 60° ?**

(a) 10 m/s

(b) 9.8 m/s

(c) 5.8 m/s

(d) 17.3 m/s.

**Answer**

D

**Question.****A missile is fired for maximum range with an initial velocity of 20 m/s. If g = 10 m/s ^{2}, the range of the missile is**

(a) 40 m

(b) 50 m

(c) 60 m

(d) 20 m

**Answer**

A

**Question.****A boat is sent across a river with a velocity of 8 km h ^{–1}. If the resultant velocity of boat is 10 km h^{–1}, then velocity of river is**

(a) 12.8 km h

^{–1}

(b) 6 km h

^{–1}

(c) 8 km h

^{–1}

(d) 10 km h

^{–1}

**Answer**

B

**Question.** A particle A is dropped from a height and another particle B is projected in horizontal direction with speed of 5 m/s from the same height then correct statement is

(a) particle A will reach at ground first with respect to particle B

(b) particle B will reach at ground first with respect to particle A

(c) both particles will reach at ground simultaneously

(d) both particles will reach at ground with same speed.

**Answer**

C

**Question.** Two projectiles of same mass and with same velocity are thrown at an angle 60° and 30° with the horizontal, then which will remain same

(a) time of flight

(b) range of projectile

(c) maximum height acquired

(d) all of them.

**Answer**

B

**Question.****A projectile is fired from the surface of the earth with a velocity of 5 m s ^{–1} and angle q with the horizontal. Another projectile fired from another planet with a velocity of 3 m s^{–1} at the same angle follows a trajectory which is identical with the trajectory of the projectile fired from the earth. The value of the acceleration due to gravity on the planet is (in m s^{–2}) is (Given g = 9.8 m s^{–2})**

(a) 3.5

(b) 5.9

(c) 16.3

(d) 110.8

**Answer**

A

**Question.****A projectile is fired at an angle of 45° with the horizontal. Elevation angle of the projectile at its highest point as seen from the point of projection, is**

**Answer**

C

**Question.** The speed of a projectile at its maximum height is half of its initial speed. The angle of projection is

(a) 60°

(b) 15°

(c) 30°

(d) 45°

**Answer**

A

**Question.** If a body A of mass M is thrown with velocity v at an angle of 30º to the horizontal and another body B of the same mass is thrown with the same speed at an angle of 60° to the horizontal, the ratio of horizontal ange of A to B will be

(a) 1 : 3

(b) 1 : 1

(c) 1: √3

(d) √3 :1.

**Answer**

B

**Question.** Two racing cars of masses m_{1 }and m_{2}^{ }are moving in circles of radii r_{1 }and r_{2} respectively. Their speeds are such that each makes a complete circle in the same time t. The ratio of the angular speeds of the first to the second car is

(a) r_{1} : r_{2}

(b) m_{1} : m_{2}

(c) 1 : 1

(d) m_{1} m_{2} : r_{1} r_{2}

**Answer**

C

**Question.** A body is whirled in a horizontal circle of radius 20 cm. It has an angular velocity of 10 rad/s. What is its linear velocity at any point on circular path ?

(a) 20 m/s

(b) √2 m/s

(c) 10 m/s

(d) 2 m/s

**Answer**

D

**Question.** The maximum range of a gun of horizontal terrain is 16 km. If g = 10 m s^{–2}, then muzzle velocity of a shell must be

(a) 160 m s^{–1}

(b) 200 √2 m s^{−1}

(c) 400 m s^{–1}

(d) 800 m s^{–1}

**Answer**

C

**Question.****A particle of mass m is projected with velocity v making an angle of 45° with the horizontal. When the particle lands on the level ground the magnitude of the change in its momentum will be**

(a) mv√2

(b) zero

(c) 2mv

(d) mv/√2

**Answer**

A

**Question.** For angles of projection of a projectile at angle (45°– θ) and (45° + θ), the horizontal range described by the projectile are in the ratio of

(a) 2 : 1

(b) 1 : 1

(c) 2 : 3

(d) 1 : 2.

**Answer**

B

**Question.** Two particles A and B are moving in uniform circular motion in concentric circles of radii r_{A} and r_{B} with speed v_{A} and v_{B} respectively. Their time period of rotation is the same. The ratio of angular speed of A to that of B will be

(a) 1 : 1

(b) r_{A} : r_{B}

(c) v_{A} : v_{B}

(d) r_{B} : r_{A}

**Answer**

A

**Question.** A particle moves in a circle of radius 5 cm with constant speed and time period 0.2p s. The acceleration of the particle is

(a) 15 m/s^{2}

(b) 25 m/s^{2}

(c) 36 m/s^{2}

(d) 5 m/s^{2 }

**Answer**

D

** Question. A stone tied to the end of a string of 1 m long is whirled in a horizontal circle with a constant speed. If the stone makes 22 revolutions in 44 seconds, what is the magnitude and direction of acceleration of the stone? **(a) π2 m s

^{–2}and direction along the radius towards the centre

(b) π2 m s

^{–2}and direction along the radius away from the centre

(c) π2 m s

^{–2}and direction along the tangent to the circle

(d) π2/4 m s

^{–2}and direction along the radius towards the centre.

**Answer**

A

**Question.** The angular speed of a flywheel making 120 revolutions/minute is

(a) 4π rad/s

(b) 4π^{2} rad/s

(c) π rad/s

(d) 2π rad/s

**Answer**

A

**Question.** A particle starting from rest, moves in a circle of radius ‘r’. It attains a velocity of V_{0} m/s in the nth round. Its angular acceleration will be

**Answer**

C

**Question.** In the given figure, a = 15 m s^{–2} represents the total acceleration of a particle moving in the clockwise direction in a circle of radius R = 2.5 m at a given instant of time. The speed of the particle is

(a) 4.5 m s^{–1}

(b) 5.0 m s^{–1}

(c) 5.7 m s^{–1}

(d) 6.2 m s^{–1 }

**Answer**

C

**Question.** An electric fan has blades of length 30 cm measured from the axis of rotation. If the fan is rotating at 120 rpm, the acceleration of a point on the tip of the blade is

(a) 1600 m s^{–2}

(b) 47.4 m s^{–2}

(c) 23.7 m s^{–2}

(d) 50.55 m s^{–2}

**Answer**

B